Physiology and Anatomy for Nurses and Healthcare Practitioners
A Homeostatic Approach, Third Edition
CRC Press – 2009 – 768 pages
The third edition of Physiology and Anatomy for Nurses and Healthcare Practitioners: A homeostatic approach presents homeostasis as a dynamic concept that provides the basis for understanding health and well-being. It recognises how failure to respond to homeostatic disturbances results in imbalances responsible for signs and symptoms of ill-health, and describes how healthcare interventions seek to reverse those imbalances.
Accompanied by colour illustrations and a description of related anatomy, the book provides an integrated explanation of body functioning. It discusses the organisation of the human body, main features and processes that must be controlled for health, the organ systems that act as homeostatic regulators, and effectors of homeostatic regulation. It also discusses influences on homeostasis and provides case studies that place examples of ill health and health care into the context of homeostasis.
Features of the third edition include:
An essential physiology and anatomy text, this book guides readers through the basic structure and functions of the body systems to more complex issues of clinical disorders and healthcare practice. Coverage includes the cardiovascular, lymphatic, nervous, endocrine, reproductive, and respiratory systems as well as skeletal muscle, embryo development, and circadian rhythms.
PART I: An Introduction to the human body.
1. Introduction to physiology and homeostasis.
2. Cell and tissue functions.
3. The skeleton.
PART II: The need for regulation.
4. Chemical reactions in cells: Fundamentals of metabolism.
5. Nutrients and nutrition
6. Body fluids.
PART III: Sensing change and coordinating responses.
7. The senses.
8. The nervous system.
9. The endocrine system.
PART IV: Effectors of homeostasis.
10. The digestive system.
11. The cardiovascular system 1: Blood.
12. The cardiovascular system 2: Heart and circulation.
13. The lymphatic system, immunity and microbiology.
14. The respiratory system.
15. The kidneys and urinary tract.
16. The skin.
17. Skeletal muscle: Posture and movement.
18. The reproductive systems.
PART V: Influences on homeostasis.
19. Genes in embryo development and ageing.
22. Circadian rhythms.
PART VI: Healthcare practice: A homeostatic approach.
Case 1. Introduction: Healthcare practitioners as external agents of homeostatic control.
Case 2. The case of a woman with breast cancer.
Case 3. The case of a woman with rheumatoid arthritis.
Case 4. The case of a child with insulin-dependent diabetes -Type 1.
Case 5. The case of a boy who is obese.
Case 6. The case of a 25-year-old man undergoing emergency surgery.
Case 7. The case of a woman with cataracts.
Case 8. The case of a woman with depression.
Case 9. The case of a woman with hypothyroidism.
Case 10. The case of an infant with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis.
Case 11. The case of a woman with deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
Case 12. The case of a woman with myocardial infarction.
Case 13. The case of the young man with symptomatic HIV/AIDS.
Case 14. The case of a boy with asthma.
Case 15. The case of a man presenting for haemodialysis.
Case 16. The case of Cassius, a febrile toddler.
Case 17. The case of a person with impaired mobility following a stroke.
Case 18. The case of a man with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
Case 19. The case of a family with Huntington's disease.
Case 20. The case of a 53-year-old man undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Case 21. The cases of (a) a woman with occupational hyperstress, and (b) a man with occupational hypostress.
Case 22. The case of a man with learning disabilities leaving a long-stay hospital.
Appendix A: Units of measurements.
Appendix B: Blood values and urinalysis.
Appendix C: Common prefixes, suffixes and roots.
Appendix D: Symbols and common clinical abbreviations.
John Clancy is a Lecturer in Human Applied Sciences, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
Andrew McVicar is a Reader the Department of Mental Health and Learning Disabilities, Faculty of Health & Social Care, Anglia Ruskin University, Chelmsford, UK