Beyond East and West
By Roy Bhaskar
Routledge – 2005 – 264 pages
Series: Critical Realism: Interventions
This is Roy Bhaskar's first systematic study of the philosophy of religion. Based on the Radhakrishnan lectures on spirituality and comparitive religion which he gave at the Rabindra Bharati University in Kolkata in February and March 2002, it will attract worldwide interest and stimulate fresh thinking about old issues in the philosophy of religion.
Bhaskar engages in a critical history of the great religions of civilization from their primeval roots and reveals how spirituality is also implicit within secular emancipatory projects, including western liberalism and Marxian socialism. He argues that the motivation for all of these is self-realization, and displays how this self-realization may be utilized to achieve true emancipation.
He posits the argument that contemporary thought, both secular and religious suffer from a reflection of the alienations, contradictions and injustices in the world in which we live. Furthermore he argues that this may be overcome with the qualities of human intelligence and creativity to transcend these negative elements of the human condition.
1. Vedic Hinduism 2. The Development and Spread of Varieties of Buddhism 3. Chinese and Far Eastern Spirituality 4. Ancienct Egypt, Ancient Greece & Judaism 5. Christianity 6. Islam 7. Irreligious Religions & A-Spiritual Religions 8. Axiality and Modernity, Critical Reflexivity, Science and Spirituality
Roy Bhaskar is best known as the originator of the philosophy of critical realism. He is the author of numerous acclaimed and seminal books, including A Realist Theory of Science (1975), The Possibility of Naturalism (1979), Scientific Realism and Human Emancipation (1986), Dialectic: the Pulse of Freedom (1993), and is widely recognized as one of the world's greatest philosophers.