Gender, Nation and State in Modern Japan
Edited by Andrea Germer, Vera Mackie, Ulrike Wöhr
Routledge – 2014 – 288 pages
Series: ASAA Women in Asia Series
Bringing together international scholars from various disciplines, this study takes an interdisciplinary perspective on the formation of the modern Japanese nation-state.
References to gender relations are deeply embedded in the historical concepts of nation and nationalism, and in the related symbols, metaphors and arguments. Moreover, the development of the binary opposition between masculinity and femininity, and the development of the modern nation-state are processes which occurred simultaneously, the product of a shift from a stratified, hereditary class society to a functionally differentiated social body. This book considers these processes by paying attention specifically to the Japanese case. Women and men in Japan in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century were told that the fate of the nation depended on their fulfilment of the gender role assigned to them. The predominant female gender ideal was that of the ‘Good Wife and Wise Mother’, an invented tradition which was presented as traditional, uniquely Japanese, and natural.
Tracing the idea of women’s and men’s gendered contributions to the nation and the state through contemporary concepts of citizenship, ethnicity, sexuality, work and everyday life, Gender, Nation and State in Modern Japan makes an important contribution to the literature on the formation of modern nation-states.
1. Introduction: Gender, Nation and State in Modern Japan Andrea Germer, Vera Mackie and Ulrike Wöhr 2. The Formation of Modern Imperial Japan from the Perspective of Gender Hayakawa Noriyo 3. Narratives of Heroism in Meiji Japan: Nationalism, Gender and Impersonation Jason G. Karlin 4. The Nexus of Nation, Culture and Gender in Modern Japan: The Resistance of Kanno Sugako and Kaneko Fumiko Mae Michiko 5. Domestic Roles and the Incorporation of Women into the Nation State: The Emergence and Development of the ‘Good Wife, Wise Mother’ Ideology Koyama Shizuko 6. The Making of Ainu Citizenship from the Viewpoint of Gender and Ethnicity Kojima Kyōko 7. The Gendering of Work and Workers in the Process of Modernisation of the Textile Industry Himeoka Toshiko 8. The Nation at Work: Gendered Working Patterns in the Taishō and Shōwa Periods Regine Mathias 9. The Spirit to Take Up a Gun: Militarising Gender in the Imperial Army Sabine Frühstück 10. Women’s Professional Expertise and Women’s Suffrage in Japan, 1868–1952 Sally Ann Hastings 11. From Natalism to Family Planning: Population Policy and Its Reception During the War and the Postwar Period Ogino Miho 12. From Mothers of the Nation to Embodied Citizens? Reflexive Modernisation, Women’s Movements and the Nation in Japan Ilse Lenz 13. Gender and Citizenship in the Anti-Nuclear Power Movement in 1970s Japan Ulrike Wöhr 14. Salaryman Anxieties in Tokyo Sonata: Shifting Discourses of State, Family and Masculinity in Post-Bubble Japan Romit Dasgupta 15. Identity Politics, Gender and Nation in Modern Western Philosophy Sidonia Blättler 16. From Personal Experience to a Political Movement in the 1970s: My View of Feminism Iijima Aiko, with an Introduction by Andrea Germer
Andrea Germer is Associate Professor of Gender Studies, Japanese Studies and Visual Culture at Kyushu University and the author of Historische Frauenforschung in Japan [Women’s History in Japan], 2003. Research interests include gender and nation, feminist theory, propaganda, visual history and transcultural aesthetics.
Vera Mackie is Professor of Asian Studies in the Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts at the University of Wollongong and Research Leader of the Forum on Human Rights Research. She has published widely on cultural studies, gender and sexuality studies and feminist history.
Ulrike Wöhr is Professor of Japanese Studies and Gender Studies at Hiroshima City University and the author of Frauen zwischen Rollenerwartung and Selbstdeutung, a historical reading of Japanese feminist thought of the 1910s. Research interests include gender and feminism in modern Japan, from a transnational perspective.