From High Renaissance to Mannerism in the New West of Religious Contention and Colonial Expansion
Routledge – 2012 – 880 pages
Series: Architecture in Context
The rediscovery of classical ideas and the emergence of the great artists, architects and theorists of late fithteenth and early sixteenth-century Italy led to the cultural peak characterised as the High Renaissance. This fifth volume in the Architecture in Context series begins with a definition of Mannerism in art and architecture, the seminal development from the High Renaissance and the Baroque, associated with such dominant figures as Raphael, Michelangelo, Vignola, Giulio Romano and Palladio.
The political context within which Mannerism and its variants developed – from the Reformation to the outbreak of the Thirty Years’ War, a period of devastating religious strife and territorial contention – is outlined before the major figures and achievements of Italian architecture in the period are dealt with in great depth and breadth. The focus then moves to France and architects and thinkers such as Pierre Lescot, Philibert de l’Orme, J.A. du Cerceau and Salomon de Brosse. These two major traditions – with the intercession of architects from the Netherlands who had ideas of their own – had a huge impact in central Europe, the ideas spreading across a vast area including modern-day Germany, Austria and Poland. As well as travel, the development of printing was a vital element in the rapid and detailed promulgation of architectural knowledge and fashion; the influence of publications issued by Hans Vredeman de Vries, Cornelis Floris and Wendel Dietterlin is traced and illustrated.
After a digression to the notably eclectic England of Elizabeth I and James I, where pioneers such a Robert Smythson were overshadowed by the towering figure of Inigo Jones, Refomations ends with a survey of architecture in the Iberian peninsula and the colonies of Spain and Portugal where the powerful influence of the Italian masters met a strong vernacular tradition.
Profusely illustrated and with many specially drawn plans, this is a wide-ranging and detailed guide to the architecture of a period that continues to fascinate and engage us today.
Definitions. Context Part 1: Seminal Italians 1. Inception 2. Roman Revival 3. Vignola and his Contemporaries in the Orbit of Rome 4. The Ducal Architects of Florence 5. Sansovino, Sanmicheli and their Venetian Inheritance 6. Palladio 7. Alessi and his Colleagues in Lombardy 8. Rome at the Turn of a New Era Part 2: Across the Alps 2.1 Seminal French 1. From Misunderstanding to Mannerism under François I 2. Mannerism versus Classicism under the Late Valois 3. Classicism versus Mannerism under the Early Bourbons 2.2 Orbit of Empire 4. Seminal Netherlanders 5. Eclectic Germans and their Eastern Neighbours 6. Netherlandish Revival 2.3 England 7. Elizabethan and Jacobean Eclecticsm 8. Inception of Palladianism Part 3: Beyond the Pyrenees 1. Iberia at the Turn of the Renaissance Century 2. Spain in Transition: Caroline Renaissance 3. Advent of Classicism to Portugal and Estilo Chao 4. Serlian Developments in Spain 5. Ascendancy of Madrid and the Spanish Estilo Desornamentado 6. Portugal during the Habsburg Interregnum 7. Conquest and Colonization in the Americas. Glossary. Further Reading