Cultural and Social Change in Taiwan
Society, Cinema and Theatre
Routledge – 2013 – 256 pages
From a Japanese colony to an authoritarian regime to a new democracy, Taiwanese society has gone through many phases of social transition since 1945. This book examines the processes of cultural, social and political transition in Taiwan since 1945, investigating their impact on the Taiwanese cultural industries, with a particular focus on cinema and theatre, and showing how changes in cinema and theatre illustrate the broader cultural, social and political changes taking place. It sets out the history of the development of Taiwanese theatre and cinema since the 1930s, and relates this to broader changes within Taiwanese society. It analyses the socio-politics of Taiwanese-language cinema, and the impact of language policies including the government’s encouragement and promotion of Mandarin in the 1960s. Important issues are considered, notably the modernization and commercialization of cinema and theatre in Taiwan, focusing in particular on Taiwanese produced gangster movies, and also questions of liberalization and democratization, especially the new wave of independent cinema that arrived in the mid 1980s. The book includes interviews with important movie directors, actors, producers, industry workers and critics, including Chen Qiu-yan and Huang Jian-ye. Overall, it provides a full account of cultural, political and social change in Taiwan over the last eighty years, and its relationship with Taiwanese cinema and theatre.
1. Cultural and Social Changes in Taiwan: 1930s–1990s 2. Socio-Politics of Taiwanese-Language Cinema: Symposium by the National Movie Foundation on ‘How to Preserve the Heritage of Taiwanese Cinema’ 3. Language Policies and Taiwanese Cinema: An Interview with Chen Qiu-yan 4. From ‘Taiwanese’ Cinema to ‘Mandarin’ Cinema: Bai Jing-rui and Cinema in Taiwan 5. Modernization and Commercialization: Interviewing Huang Jian-ye on Gangster Movies 6. Liberalization of Cinema: Interviewing Huang Yu-shan on the New Independent Cinema Movement in Taiwan 7. Democratization of Cinema: Transition of Identities and Hou Hsiao-Hsian 8. The Past, Present and Future of the Taiwanese Modern Theatre 9. Democratization and Modernization of Traditional Theatre: Wu Xing-guo on ‘Consolidation of Traditional and Modern Theatres’ 10. Democratization of Culture: Searching for the Lost Public Sphere – A Dialogue between Zhong Ming-de and Huang Jian-ye 11. Conclusion
Ming-Yeh T. Rawnsley is Head of Chinese Studies and Head of the Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies Ningbo, UNNC. Her research interests include media and democratization, art and communication, and issues of identities. She has published many books on these subjects in English and Chinese.