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Climate Change and Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration in Central Asia

Edited by Rattan Lal, M. Suleimenov, B.A. Stewart, D.O. Hansen, Paul Doraiswamy

CRC Press – 2007 – 494 pages

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    978-0-415-42235-2
    August 2nd 2007

Description

This book brings together current knowledge of terrestrial C sequestration in Central Asia. The themes treated include: biophysical environments, water resources, sustainable agriculture, soil degradation, the effects of irrigation schemes on secondary salinization, soil management and its relationship to carbon dynamics; the relationship between forest management and carbon dynamics, economic analyses of land use practices, important methodological issues arising from the use of GIS, remote sensing, carbon budgeting and scaling, and a review of the knowledge gaps in carbon and climate change. The book is a reference source for soil, water, vegetation, climate, land use and management in the region. The book will be of interest to a wide variety of environmental scientists, economists and those interested in policy issues for the sustainable management of natural resources.

Contents

Preface

A. Biophysical Environment

1. Principal Biomes of Central Asia, Eddie De Pauw

2. Forests in Central Asia: Current Status and Constraints, Muhabbat Turdieva Evsey Aleksandrovskiy, Abdukhalil Kayimov, Salamat Djumabaeva, Mukanov, Ashyrmuhammed Saparmyradov, and Khukmatullo Akhmadov

3. C3/C4 Plants in the Vegetation of Central Asia, Geographical Distribution and Environmental Adaptation in Relation to Climate, Kristina Toderich, Clanton C. Black, Ekaterina Juylova, Osamu Kozan, Tolib Mukimov, and Naoko Matsuo

B. Water Resources of Central Asia

4. Water Resources of the Central Asia under Conditions of Climate Change, V.E. Chub

5. Climate Change and Water Resource Alteration in Central Asia: The Case of Uzbekistan, Nazar Hakimov, Allan Lines, and Pirnazar Elmuratov

6. Problems and Management of the Efficient Use of Soil-Water Resources in Central Asia with Specific References to Uzbekistan, Rasulmant Khusanov and Muhammad Kosimov

7. Underground and Surface Water Resources of Central Asia, and Impact of Irrigation on Their Balance and Quality, R.K. Ikramov

C. Agricultural and Soil and Enviromental Degradation

8. Addressing the Challenges for Sustainable Agriculture in Central Asia, Raj Paroda

9. Soil and Environmental Degradation in Central Asia, R. Lal

10. Land Degradation by Agricultural Activities in Central Asia, B. Qushimov, I.M.Ganiev, I. Rustamova, B. Haitov, and K.R. Islam

11. Salinity Effects on Irrigated Soil Chemical and Biological Properties in the Aral Sea Basin of Uzbekistan, D. Egamberdiyeva, I. Garfurova, and K.R. Islam

D. Soil Management and Carbon Dynamics

12. Central Asia: Ecosystems and Carbon Sequestration Challenges, Mekhlis Suleimenov and Richard J. Thomas

13. Dynamics of Soil Carbon and Recommendations on Effective Sequestration of Carbon in the Steppe Zone of Kazakhstan, A. Saparov, K. Pachikin, O. Erokhina, and R. Nasyrov

14. Carbon Dynamics in Saskatchewan Soils: Implications for the Global Carbon Cycle, A. Landi and A.R. Mermut

15. Conservation Agriculture: Environmental Benefits of Reduced Tillage and Soil Carbon Management in Water-Limited Areas of Central Asia, D.C. Reicosky

16. Conservation Agriculture for Irrigated Agriculture in Asia, Ken Sayre

17. Syria’s Long-Term Rotation and Tillage Trials: Potential Relevance to Carbon Sequestration in Central Asia, John Ryan

18. Potential for Carbon Sequestration in the Soils of Afghanistan and Pakistan, Anwar U.H. Khan and R. Lal

19. Improvement of Soil Physical and Chemical Conditions to Promote Sustainable Crop Production in Agricultural Areas of Kazakhstan, Warren Busscher, Jeff Novak, Flarida Kozybaeva, Temirbulat Jalankuzov, and Beibut Suleymenov

20. Technological Options to Enhance Humus Content and Conserve Water in Soils of the Zarafshan Valley, Uzbekistan, Sh. T. Holikulov and T.K. Ortikov

21. Eliminating Summer Fallow on Black Soils of Northern Kazakhstan, M. Suleimenov and K. Akshalov

22. Dynamics of Water and Soil Organic Matter under Grain Farming in Northern Kazakhstan – Toward Sustainable Land Use Both from the Agronomic and Environmental Viewpoints, Shinya Funakawa, Junta Yanai, Yusuke Takata, Elmira Karbozova-Saljnikov, Kanat Akshalov, and Takashi Kosaki

23. Conservation Agriculture in the Steppes of Northern Kazakhstan: The Potential for Adoption and Carbon Sequestration, P.C. Wall, N. Yushenko, M. Karabayev, A. Morgounov, and A. Akramhanov

24. Cover Crops Impacts on Irrigated Soil Quality and Potato Production in Uzbekistan, A.X Hamzaev, T.E. Astanakulov, I.M. Ganiev, G.A. Ibragimov, M.A. Oripov, and K.R. Islam

E. Forest Management and Carbon Dynamics

25. Forest Carbon Sequestration and Storage of the Kargasoksy Leshoz of the Tomsk Oblast, Russia – Current Status and the Investment Potential, Roger A. Williams and Sarah E. Schafer

26. Soil and Vegetation Management Strategies for Improved Carbon Sequestration in Pamir Mountain Ecosystems, S. Sanginov and U. Akramov

F. Economic Analysis

27. An Economic Comparison of Conventional Tillage and Conservation Tillage for Spring Wheat Production in Northern Kazakhstan , Paul E. Patterson and Larry D. Makus

G. Methodological and Technological Challenges

28. An Assessment of the Potential Use of SRTM DEMs in Terrain Analysis for the Efficient Mapping of Soils in the Drylands Region of Kazakhstan, Erik R. Venteris, Konstantine M. Pachikin, Greg W. McCarty, and Paul C. Doraiswamy

29. Potential for Soil Carbon Sequestration in Central Kazakhstan, Greg McCarty, Paul Doraiswamy, Bakhyt Akhmedou, and Konstantin Pachikin

30. Application of GIS Technology for Water Quality Control in the Zarafshan River Basin, T.M. Khujanazarov and Tsuneo Tsukatani

31. Remote Sensing Application for Mapping Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration in Kazakhstan, U. Sultangazin, N. Muratova, and A. Terekhov

32. Possible Changes in the Carbon Budget of Arid and Semi-Arid Central Asia Inferred from Landuse/Landcover Analyses during 1981 to 2001, Elena Lioubimtseva

33. Western Siberian Peatlands: Indicators of Climate Change and their Role in Global Carbon Balance, S.N. Kirpotin, A.V. Naumov, S.N. Vorobiov, N.P. Mironycheva-Tokarev, N.P. Koysch, E.D. Lapshina, J. Marquand, S.P. Kulizhski, and W. Bleuten

H. Research and Development Priorities

34. Researchable Priorities in Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration in Central Asia, R. Lal

Author Bio

Rattan Lal is a professor of Soil Physics and director of the Carbon Management and Sequestration Center at The Ohio State University. He earned his B.Sc degree from Punjab Agricultural University, his M.Sc degree from Indian Agricultural Research Institute, and his Ph.D. degree from The Ohio State University. His research focuses on soil processes and carbon dynamics, and soil erosion and productivity. Dr. Lal is the President of the Soil Science Society of American, and a member of the U.S. National Committee of Soil Science of the National Academy of Sciences. He is a Fellow of the ASA, SWCS, and AAAS.

Mekhlis Suleimenov is Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Full Member of Academy of Sciences, Kazakhstan. He has extensive experience in agronomy and cropping systems with emphasis on crop rotations, cultural practices and conservation tillage in dryland agriculture, currently Consultant to ICARDA’s Regional Program on Central Asia and the Caucasus.

Dr. B.A. Stewart is a Distinguished Professor of Agriculture, and Director of the Dryland Agriculture Institute at West Texas A&M University, Canyon, TX. Prior to joining West Texas A&M University in 1993, he was Director of the USDA Conservation and Production Research Laboratory, Bushland, TX. Dr. Stewart is a past president of the Soil Science Society of America.

Dr. Hansen currently serves as Associate Dean and Director for International Programs in the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences at The Ohio State University. He has worked on issues of rural and institutional development for over 30 years. In recent decades he has worked on issues of climate change, soil and water management and remediation of natural resource degradation.

Paul Doraiswamy is a senior scientist at the Agricultural Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center in Maryland. Dr. Doraiswamy has worked with the USDA for over 20 years and one of the lead scientist in adapting satellite remote sensing technologies for applications in agriculture. His research for the past decade focused on the integration of spatial biophysical parameters derived from satellite imagery with process models for regional assessment of crop condition, yields and soil carbon sequestration.

Name: Climate Change and Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration in Central Asia (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: Edited by Rattan Lal, M. Suleimenov, B.A. Stewart, D.O. Hansen, Paul Doraiswamy. This book brings together current knowledge of terrestrial C sequestration in Central Asia. The themes treated include: biophysical environments, water resources, sustainable agriculture, soil degradation, the effects of irrigation schemes on secondary...
Categories: Agriculture, Soil Sciences, Soil Science, Water Engineering, Climatology & Meteorology, Ecology - Environment Studies