Conflict and Cooperation in Multi-Ethnic States
Institutional Incentives, Myths and Counter-Balancing
By Brian Shoup
Routledge – 2007 – 208 pages
Series: Asian Security Studies
Interethnic competition in plural societies is often characterized by a ‘counterbalance’ of political and economic strength between different groups. In such cases, tensions emerge as politically dominant groups fear loss of hegemony to more economically aggressive groups. Likewise, economically successful groups require key public goods and a political atmosphere conducive to investment. These social relations are couched in terms of ethnic mythologies that stress the indigenous role of one group, and consequently its superior political status.
This book develops a model that explains how and why interethnic bargains between rival groups can erode given different institutional configurations. It is hypothesized that interethnic conflict is more likely in countries where political institutions fail to insulate the political hegemony of traditionally dominant ethnic communities and redistributive programs fail to improve the economic position of ethnic majorities. In such cases, outbidding strategies by more extreme ethnic leaders are more successful and violence becomes more likely.
Conflict and Cooperation in Multi-Ethnic States will be of interest to students of ethnic conflict, Asian politics and security studies.
1. Ethnic Identity, Economic Power, and Conflict 2. Ethnic Mythologies and Formal Institutions 3. A Theory of Conflict and Cooperation in Counterbalanced States 4. Fiji: "A Nationalist Iceberg" in the Pacific 5. Of Ballots and Tall-Grass: Malaysia’s Quasi-Democracy and Ethnic Relations 6. South Africa: A Rainbow Nation in Zimbabwe’s Shadow 7. Conclusion
Brian Shoup received his PhD from Indiana University, where he is now the Assistant Director of the Indiana Democracy Consortium.