Finnish: An Essential Grammar
Routledge – 2008 – 416 pages
Series: Routledge Essential Grammars
This second edition of Finnish: An Essential Grammar has undergone profound revisions. The chapter on basic sentence structure has been rewritten and syntax has been given more space. Sections have been added on phrase types, simple clause types, and types of complex sentences. A section on discourse particles has been added. The vocabulary of the copious example sentences has been updated to give it a touch of the twenty-first century.
The section on modern colloquial Finnish has been considerably expanded. Internet addresses helpful for any learner of Finnish are provided which make is possible to automatically analyse the grammatical structure of any Finnish words and sentences.
It gives not only a systematic account of the structures of the written language, but also features the characteristics of colloquial Finnish. No prior knowledge is assumed on the part of the reader and grammatical rules are clearly explained without jargon.
This is the ideal reference source both for those studying Finnish independently and for students in schools, colleges, universities and adult classes of all types.
'Finnish: An Essential Grammar is an intelligent and effective introduction to standard Finnish… . A learner using any kind of approach for learning Finnish will also find it useful as a reference grammar. - Scandanavica
'The somewhat daunting task facing students of Finnish has been vastly simplified by Fred Karlsson's notably practical and supremely competent survey and guide. It amply merits a place in reference and lending libraries alike.' - Languages and Literature 14/1  18-29
1. Introduction 2. Pronunciation and Sound Structure 3. Word Structure 4. Two Important Sound Alternations 5. The Declension of Nominals 6. The Conjugation of Verbs 7. Sentence Structure 8. The Nominative Case and the Partitive Case 9. The Genitive Case, Possessive Suffixes and the Accusative Case 10. The Six Local Cases 11. Other Cases 12. Numerals 13. Pronouns 14. Tenses 15. Moods 16. The Passive 17. Infinitives 18. Participles 19. Comparison of Adjectives 20. Other Word Classes 21. Word Formation 22. The Colloquial Spoken Language. Appendix 1: Inflection Tables. Appendix 2: Literature. Appendix 3: Some Relevant Internet Addresses. Subject Index