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Climate Change and the Coast

Building Resilient Communities

Edited by Bruce Glavovic, Mick Kelly, Robert Kay, Ailbhe Travers

CRC Press – 2015 – 596 pages

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    978-0-415-46487-1
    February 11th 2015
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Description

Coastal communities are at the frontline of a changing climate. Escalating problems created by sea-level rise, a greater number of severe coastal storms, and other repercussions of climate change will exacerbate already pervasive impacts resulting from rapid coastal population growth and intensification of development. To prosper in the coming decades, coastal communities need to build their adaptive capacity and resilience.

Telling the stories of real-world communities in a wide range of coastal settings, including America’s Gulf of Mexico coast, Britain, Australia, New Zealand, The Maldives, southern Africa, Bangladesh, and Vietnam, the case studies in Climate Change and the Coast: Building Resilient Communities reveal a rich diversity of adaptation approaches.

A number of common themes emerge that indicate opportunities, barriers, and on-ground realities for progressing adaptation at the coast. Together, they highlight the need to consciously reflect on current circumstances, contemplate future prospects, and deliberately choose pathways that are attuned to the changing circumstances climate change will bring to coastal regions. This process is termed "reflexive adaptation," capturing the principle of critical self-reflection and self-correction in the face of adversity, uncertainty, surprise, and contestation.

  • Provides practical advice for adapting to climate change based on case studies written by leading specialists with firsthand experience in real-world communities in diverse coastal settings around the globe
  • Integrates insights from research and practice in an accessible way so that coastal communities can plan proactively for a future shaped by climate change
  • Explains how climate change compounds pervasive unsustainable practices in coasts around the world
  • Explores how coastal governance and adaptation theory and practices have evolved
  • Details the barriers and opportunities for adapting to climate change

Climate Change and the Coast: Building Resilient Communities will interest those concerned about the future of coastal communities. It shows what has succeeded and what has failed around the world, and where there are opportunities to be grasped and pitfalls to be avoided. It will be invaluable to those involved in enabling adaptation to climate change, including policy-makers, coastal managers, day-to-day decision-makers, students, and researchers.

Reviews

"This book brings together more than 50 authors to explore challenges and opportunities for building the resilience and sustainability of coastal communities in the face of climate change. Case studies from different regions make it highly relevant to a wide range of scholars and practitioners. The emphasis on practical adaptation strategies and coastal governance is very timely and important."

—Joern Birkmann, United Nations University and IPCC Lead Author

Contents

Part I

Coastal communities and the climate change imperative

Introduction

BRUCE C GLAVOVIC, P MICK KELLY, AILBHE TRAVERS, AND ROBERT C KAY

Aim of the book

A dynamic environment under siege

On the frontline of a changing climate

Learning from the experience of coastal communities

Structure of the book

References

Climate drivers in the coastal zone

P MICK KELLY

Introduction

Global trends in temperature and sea level

At the local level

Toward the fifth IPCC assessment

Planning for an uncertain future

Postscript

Acknowledgment

References

On the frontline in the Anthropocene: Adapting to climate change through deliberative coastal governance

BRUCE C GLAVOVIC

Introduction

The stormy seas of the Anthropocene

Climate change adaptation: Practice, limits, and barriers

Coastal governance, climate risk, and adapting to climate change

Charting a safe passage in stormy seas: Deliberative coastal governance

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

Part II

Climate change and the coastal zone: North America

Social-ecological change in Canada’s arctic: coping, Adapting, and learning for an uncertain future

DEREK ARMITAGE

Introduction

Converging threats in the Canadian Arctic

Coping and adapting: Then and now

Moving forward: Adaptive capacity and learning in multilevel governance

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

Climate change and infrastructure adaptation in coastal New York City

WILLIAM SOLECKI, CYNTHIA ROSENZWEIG, VIVIEN GORNITZ, RADLEY HORTON, DAVID C MAJOR, LESLEY PATRICK, AND RAE ZIMMERMAN

Introduction

New York City as a coastal city

Climate risk, sea-level rise, and coastal flooding

Coastal storm impacts on critical infrastructure

Moving forward: Adaptation strategies

Conclusion

References

Crisis on the delta: Emerging trajectories for New Orleans

JOSHUA A LEWIS, ANN M YOACHIM, AND DOUGLAS J MEFFERT

Introduction

Deltaic dilemmas

A future forged in crisis

The post-Katrina era

Moving forward

Conclusion

References

Part III

Climate change and the coastal zone: South and Southeast Asia

Building resilient coastal communities by enabling participatory action: a case study from India

R RAMESH, AHANA LAKSHMI, ANNIE GEORGE, AND R PURVAJA

Introduction

The Indian coast

Building a resilient coastal community: A case study

Conclusion

References

Climate adaptation technologies in agriculture and Water supply and sanitation practice in the coastal Region of Bangladesh

SALEEMUL HUQ AND M GOLAM RABBANI

Introduction

Background and context

Adaptation in agriculture and water supply and sanitation

The National Adaptation Programme of Action

Conclusion

References

Coastal zone management and climate policy in Vietnam

P MICK KELLY

Introduction

The Red River delta: Past, present, and future

Managing the coastal zone

Challenges and opportunities

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

A climate for change: a comparative analysis of climate change adaptation in rapidly urbanizing Australian and

Chinese city regions

DARRYL LOW CHOY, CHEN WEN, AND SILVIA SERRAO-NEUMANN

Introduction

Regional strategic planning

Practices and principles for

Strategic climate change adaptation

Current planning practice for growth

Management in coastal areas

Current planning practice for incorporating

Climate change adaptation initiatives

Incorporation of strategic

Climate change adaptation principles

Discussion

A way ahead

References

Part IV

Climate change and the coastal zone: Australasia

The evolution of coastal vulnerability assessments to

Support adaptive decision-making in Australia: A review

ROBERT KAY, AILBHE TRAVERS, AND LUKE DALTON

Introduction

What makes this place special?

Assessing Australian coastal vulnerability

Policy responses

Lessons learned from Australian experience in coastal V&A assessment

Barriers and opportunities

Practical recommendations for building community resilience, adaptive capacity, and sustainability

Acknowledgment

References

Adapting Australian coastal regions to climate change: A case study of South East Queensland

TIMOTHY F SMITH, DARRYL LOW CHOY, DANA C THOMSEN, SILVIA SERRAO-NEUMANN, FLORENCE CRICK, MARCELLO SANO, RUSSELL RICHARDS, BEN HARMAN, SCOTT BAUM, STEPHEN MYERS, VIGYA SHARMA, MARCUS BUSSEY, JULIE MATTHEWS, ANNE ROIKO, AND RW (BILL) CARTER

Introduction

Background

South East Queensland

Methods

Key issues for coastal adaptation

Challenges and opportunities for climate adaptation within Australian coastal regions

Postscript

Acknowledgments

References

From coping to resilience: The role of managed retreat in highly developed coastal regions of New Zealand

ANDY REISINGER, JUDY LAWRENCE, GEORGINA HART, AND RALPH CHAPMAN

Introduction

Future challenges under climate change

Current approaches to managing sea-level rise

Toward adaptive management: Options for managed retreat

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

Part V

Climate change and the coastal zone: Small islands

A tale of two atoll nations: a comparison of risk, resilience, and adaptive response of Kiribati and the Maldives

CARMEN ELRICK-BARR, BRUCE C GLAVOVIC, AND ROBERT C KAY

Introduction

What makes this place special?

Looking forward, what makes this place at particular risk from future climate change and other potential threats?

What can be learnt from past experience?

Moving forward

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

Planning for coastal change in Caribbean small islands

GILLIAN CAMBERS AND SHARON ROBERTS-HODGE

Identity of place in the Caribbean islands

Climate change risks and Caribbean coastal areas

Learning from past coastal planning experiences

Looking to the future

Opportunities for mainstreaming climate change into the government planning agenda

References

Part VI

Climate change and the coastal zone: South America

A risk-based and participatory approach to assessing Climate vulnerability and improving governance in

Coastal Uruguay

GUSTAVO J NAGY, MÓNICA GÓMEZ-ERACHE, AND ROBERT C KAY

Introduction

The EcoPlata Program and the ACCC Project

Taking action toward adaptation—A four-step approach

Emerging lessons learned

Moving forward with adaptation planning in Uruguay

Postscript

References

The promise of coastal management in Brazil in times of global climate change

MARCUS POLETTE, DIETER MUEHE, MARIO LG SOARES, AND BRUCE C GLAVOVIC

Introduction

The Brazil coast: Settings, issues, and prospects

Climate risks, vulnerability, and adapting to climate change at the coast

Coastal management in Brazil: A framework for building adaptive capacity, resilience, and sustainability at the coast

Coastal management provisions in Brazil

Challenges and opportunities for implementing coastal management provisions in Brazil

What will help and what will hinder climate change adaptation at the coast in Brazil?

Practical recommendations for adapting to climate change at the coast in Brazil

Conclusion

Acknowledgment

References

Part VII

Climate change and the coastal zone: Europe

Toward adaptive management in coastal zones: Experience from the eastern coastline of England

R KERRY TURNER AND TIZIANA LUISETTI

Introduction

The North Sea coastal zone: Social-ecological governance features of the British coasts

The North Sea coastal zone: Environmental threats and socioeconomic pressures

Lessons learnt: British coastal areas case studies

Critical barriers and opportunities for mainstreaming climate change adaptation

Recommendations

Acknowledgment

References

Adaptation to change in the North Sea area: Maritime spatial planning as a new planning challenge in times of climate change

ANDREAS KANNEN AND BEATE MW RATTER

Introduction

Long-term challenges: Potential impacts from climate change

Current challenges: Dynamics and context of offshore wind farming

Policy challenges: Evolving spatial policies for marine areas

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

Mainstreaming climate change adaptation with existing coastal management for the Mediterranean coastal region

AILBHE TRAVERS AND CARMEN ELRICK-BARR

Introduction

What will help and what will hinder?

Conclusion

Postscript

Acknowledgments

References

Part VIII

Climate change and the coastal zone: Africa

Climate change and the coastal zone of Mozambique: Supporting decision-making for community-based adaptation

AILBHE TRAVERS, TIMOTEO C FERREIRA, JESSICA TRONI, AND ARAME TALL

Introduction

What makes this place special?

Future climate change risks and other potential threats

Key successes and failures evident in existing measures to build community resilience, adaptive capacity, and sustainability

Barriers and opportunities

Practical recommendations for building community resilience, adaptive capacity, and sustainability

References

Climate change and the coasts of Africa: Durban case study

ANDREW A MATHER AND DEBRA C ROBERTS

Introduction

Biophysical, socioeconomic, and governance setting

Climate change risk assessment

Barriers and opportunities

Lessons learnt

The way forward

References

Part IX

Conclusion and practical steps for adapting to climate change

Toward reflexive adaptation and resilient coastal communities

BRUCE C GLAVOVIC, P MICK KELLY, ROBERT C KAY, AND AILBHE TRAVERS

Introduction

Coastal adaptation in the twenty-first century

A reflexive approach to adaptation by coastal communities

Reflexive adaptation in practice

In conclusion

References

Index

Author Bio

Bruce C. Glavovic holds the EQC Chair in Natural Hazards Planning at Massey University, New Zealand. His research explores the role of governance and land-use planning in building resilient and sustainable communities. He has over 25 years of experience in academia, private consulting, and government, mainly in the Republic of South Africa, the United States, and New Zealand. He is currently vice-chair of the Land–Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (LOICZ) Scientific Steering Committee.

Robert C. Kay is principal consultant of Coastal Zone Management Pty (Ltd) and of Adaptive Futures, Claremont, Australia, two niche consulting companies advising governments, communities, and companies worldwide on the challenges posed by climate change impacts. Dr. Kay has 25 years of experience in climate change impact assessment, coastal zone management, and planning through work in government, consulting, and academic sectors. He holds a position of visiting adjunct professor at the Sustainability Research Center at the University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia. He has an honours degree in geology (Wales) and a PhD in environmental science (East Anglia, UK).

Philip Michael (Mick) Kelly is a consultant with Tanelorn Associates based in New Zealand’s winterless north. Having retired from the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia in the United Kingdom, where he specialized in research on mechanisms of climate change and climate vulnerability, he now manages 69 acres of regenerating bush and is committed to community-based science projects.

Ailbhe Travers is a coastal geomorphologist with over ten years of experience in environmental studies, focusing specifically on the coastal realm. She holds an honours degree in environmental science (University of Ulster) and a PhD in geography and environmental systems engineering at the University of Western Australia.

Name: Climate Change and the Coast: Building Resilient Communities (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: Edited by Bruce Glavovic, Mick Kelly, Robert Kay, Ailbhe Travers. Coastal communities are at the frontline of a changing climate. Escalating problems created by sea-level rise, a greater number of severe coastal storms, and other repercussions of climate change will exacerbate already pervasive impacts resulting from...
Categories: Hydraulic Engineering, Physical Geography, Earth Sciences