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The Concise New Makers of Modern Culture

Edited by Justin Wintle

Routledge – 2009 – 876 pages

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Description

A Who's Who of Western culture, from Woody Allen to Emile Zola…

Containing four hundred essay-style entries, and covering the period from 1850 to the present, The Concise New Makers of Modern Culture includes artists, writers, dramatists, architects, philosophers, anthropologists, scientists, sociologists, major political figures, composers, film-makers and many other culturally significant individuals and is thoroughly international in its purview.

Next to Karl Marx is Bob Marley, with John Ruskin is Salman Rushdie, alongside Darwin is Luigi Dallapiccola, Deng Xiaoping rubs shoulders with Jacques Derrida as do Julia Kristeva and Kropotkin.

With its global reach, The Concise New Makers of Modern Culture provides a multi-voiced witness of the contemporary thinking world. The entries carry short bibliographies and there is thorough cross-referencing as well as an index of names and key terms.

Contents

AALTO, Alvar

ABRAMOVIC, Marina

ACHEBE, Chinua

ACTON, Lord

ADAMS, Douglas

ADAMS, Henry Brooks

ADAMS, John Coolidge

ADLER, Alfred

ADORNO, Theodor Wiesengrund

AFGHANI, Jamal Uddeen al-

ALBEE, Edward

ALBERS, Josef

ALCOTT, Louisa May

ALLEN, Woody

ALTHUSSER, Louis

ALTMAN, Robert

AMIS, (Sir) Kingsley

AMIS, Martin

ANDRE, Carl

ANGELOU, Maya

ANOUILH, Jean

ANTHONY, Susan B.

APOLLINAIRE, Guillaume

ARAFAT, Yasser

ARCHIGRAM

ARENDT, Hannah

ARMSTRONG, Louis

ARNOLD, Eve

ARNOLD, Matthew

ARON, Raymond

ARP, Jean (Hans)

ARTAUD, Antonin

ASHBERY, John

ASHBY, William Ross

ASIMOV, Isaac

ATATURK (Mustafa KEMAL)

ATTENBOROUGH, (Sir) David

AUDEN, W. H.

AUNG SAN SUU KYI

AUSTIN, J. L.

AYER, (Sir) Alfred

BABBAGE, Charles

BABBITT, Milton

BACHELARD, Gaston

BACON, Francis

BADIOU, Alain

BAGEHOT, Walter

BAIRD, John Logie

BAKHTIN, Mikhail

BAKST, Le´on

BAKUNIN, Mikhail

BALAKIREV, M. A.

BALDWIN, James Arthur

BALLARD, James Graham

BALTHUS, (Count) Balthazar

BANHAM, Reyner

BARBER, Samuel

BARNUM, Phineas

BARRES, Auguste-Maurice

BARTH, John

BARTH, Karl

BARTHES, Roland

BARTOK, Be´la

BAUDELAIRE, Charles

BAUSCH, Pina

BEARDSLEY, Aubrey

BEATLES, The

BEATON, (Sir) Cecil

BEAUVOIR, Simone de

BECK, Ulrich

BECKETT, Samuel

BECKMANN, Max

BEETON, Samuel and Isabella

BELL, Alexander Graham

BELLOW, Saul

BENENSON, Peter

BENJAMIN, Walter

BENNETT, Alan

BERG, Alban

BERGMAN, Ingmar

BERGSON, Henri

BERIO, Luciano

BERKELEY, Busby

BERLIN, Irving

BERLIN, (Sir) Isaiah

BERLIOZ, Hector

BERNERS-LEE, (Sir) Timothy

BERNSTEIN, Leonard

BERRYMAN, John

BETJEMAN, (Sir) John

BEUYS, Joseph

BEVERIDGE, William (Lord)

BIERCE, Ambrose

BIN LADEN, Osama

BINFORD, Lewis

BIRTWISTLE, (Sir) Harrison

BISHOP, Elizabeth

BISMARCK, Otto von

BIZET, Georges

BOAL, Augusto

BOAS, Franz

BOCKLIN, Arnold

BOHR, Niels

BÖ LL, Heinrich

BOLTZMANN, Ludwig

BONHOEFFER, Dietrich

BONNARD, Pierre

BOOLE, George

BOOTH, William

BORGES, Jorge Luis

BORODIN, Alexander

BOULEZ, Pierre

BOURDIEU, Pierre

BOURGEOIS, Louise

BOURKE-WHITE, Margaret

BRADBURY, Raymond

BRAHMS, Johannes

BRAKHAGE, Stan

BRANCUSI, Constantin

BRAQUE, Georges

BRAUDEL, Fernand

BRECHT, Bertolt

BRENTON, Howard

BRESSON, Robert

BRETON, Andre´

BRITTEN, Benjamin (Lord)

BROWN, Ford Madox

BROWNING, Robert

BRUCKNER, Anton

BRUNEL, Isambard Kingdom

BUBER, Martin

BUKHARIN, Nikolay

BULTMANN, Rudolf

BUNTLINE, Ned

BUN˜ UEL, Luis

BURCKHARDT, Jacob

BURGESS, Anthony

BURNE-JONES, (Sir) Edward

BURROUGHS, William S.

BURTON, (Sir) Richard

BUSONI, Ferruccio

BUTLER, Samuel

BYATT, A. S.

CAGE, John

CALDER, Alexander

CAMUS, Albert

CANTOR, Georg

CAPA, Robert

C. APEK, Karel

CAPOTE, Truman

CARNAP, Rudolf

CARNEGIE, Andrew

CARROLL, Lewis

CARSON, Rachel

CARTER, Elliott

CARTIER-BRESSON, Henri

CARVER, George Washington

CARVER, Raymond

CASSAVETES, John

CASSIRER, Ernst

CASTRO, Fidel

CAVAFY, Constantine

CAVELL, Stanley

CELAN, Paul

CEZANNE, Paul

CHAGALL, Marc

CHANDLER, Raymond

CHANEL, Gabrielle (‘Coco’)

CHAPLIN, Charles

CHATWIN, Bruce

CHEEVER, John

CHEKHOV, Anton

CHESTERTON, G. K.

CHILDE, Vere Gordon

CHIRICO, Giorgio de

CHOMSKY, Noam

CHOPIN, Kate

CHRISTIE, Agatha

CHRISTO with JEANNE-CLAUDE

CHURCHILL, (Sir) Winston

CIORAN, Emil Mihai

CLAUSIUS, Rudolf

CLEAVER, Larry Eldridge

COCTEAU, Jean

COETZEE, J. M,

COLLINS, Wilkie

COMPTON-BURNETT, (Dame) Ivy

CONRAD, Joseph

COPLAND, Aaron

COPPOLA, Francis Ford

COURBET, Gustave

COWARD, (Sir) Noe¨l

CRANE, Hart

CRANE, Stephen

CRICK, Francis

CROCE, Benedetto

CUKOR, George

CUMMINGS, E. E.

CUNNINGHAM, Merce

CURIE, Marie

DALI, Salvador

DALLAPICCOLA, Luigi

D’ANNUNZIO, Gabriele

DARWIN, Charles

DAUMIER, Honore´-Victorin

DAVIDSON, Donald

DAVIES, (Sir) Peter Maxwell

DAVIS, Miles

DAWKINS, Richard

DE GAULLE, Charles

DE KOONING, William

DEBORD, Guy

DEBUSSY, Claude

DEDEKIND, Richard

DEGAS, Edgar

DELEUZE, Gilles

DeLILLO, Don

DELIUS, Frederick

DeMILLE, Cecil B.

DEMUTH, Charles

DENG XIAOPING

DERRIDA, Jacques

DEWEY, John

DIAGHILEV, Serge

DICKENS, Charles

DICKINSON, Emily

DIDION, Joan

DILTHEY, Wilhelm

DISNEY, Walt

DISRAELI, Benjamin

DOCTOROW, Ed

DOS PASSOS, John Rodrigo

DOSTOEVSKY, Fyodor

DOUGHTY, Charles

DOUGLASS, Frederick

DOYLE, (Sir) Arthur Conan

DREISER, Theodore

DREYER, Carl

DUBUFFET, Jean-Philippe-Arthur

DUCHAMP, Marcel

DUHEM, Pierre-Marie-Maurice

DURKHEIM, Emile

DURRELL, Lawrence

DUTILLEUX, Henri

DVOR. AK, Antonin

DWORKIN, Andrea

DYLAN, Bob

EAKINS, Thomas

EAMES, Charles

EASTMAN, George

ECA DE QUEIROZ, Jos´e Maria

EDDY, Mary Baker

EDISON, Thomas Alva

EIFFEL, Gustave

EINSTEIN, Albert

EISENSTEIN, Sergei

ELGAR, (Sir) Edward

ELIADE, Mircea

ELIAS, Norbert

ELIOT, George

ELIOT, T. S.

ELLINGTON, Duke

EMERSON, Ralph Waldo

ENDO SHUSAKU

ENGELS, Friedrich

EPSTEIN, (Sir) Jacob

ERNST, Max

EVANS, (Sir) Arthur

EVANS, (Sir) John

EVANS-PRITCHARD, (Sir) Edward

EYSENCK, Hans

FASSBINDER, Rainer Werner

FAULKNER, William

FAURE, Gabriel

FAWCETT, (Dame) Millicent

FELLINI, Federico

FERMI, Enrico

FEUERBACH, Ludwig

FEYDEAU, Georges

FIRBANK, Ronald

FITZGERALD, F. Scott

FLAHERTY, Robert

FLAUBERT, Gustave

FLEMING, (Sir) Alexander and FLOREY,

Howard (Lord)

FLEMING, Ian

FO, Dario

FORD, Henry

FORD, John

FORSTER, E. M.

FOSTER, Norman (Lord)

FOSTER, Stephen

FOUCAULT, Michel

FOWLES, John

FRANCK, Ce´sar

FRANCO, Francisco

FRAZER, (Sir) James George

FREGE, Friedrich

FREUD, Lucian

FREUD, Sigmund

FRIEDAN, Betty

FRIEDMAN, Milton

FRINK, Elisabeth

FROMM, Erich

FROST, Robert

FUENTES, Carlos

FUGARD, Athol

FUKUZAWA YUKICHI

FULLER, Buckminster

GABO, Naum

GADAFFI, Muammar al-

GADAMER, Hans-Georg

GALBRAITH, J. K.

GALLO, Robert C. and MONTAGNIER, Luc B.

GALLUP, George

GALTON, (Sir) Francis

GANCE, Abel

GANDHI, Mahatma

GAO XINGJIAN

GARCIA MARQUEZ, Gabriel

GARIBALDI, Giuseppe

GASKELL, Elizabeth

GATES, Bill

GAUDI, Antoni

GAUDIER-BRZESKA, Henri

GAUGUIN, Paul

GEERTZ, Clifford

GEHRY, Frank

GELLNER, Ernest

GENET, Jean

GERSHWIN, George

GIACOMETTI, Alberto

GIDE, Andre´

GILBERT & GEORGE

GILBERT, (Sir) William

GINSBERG, Allen

GLADSTONE, (Sir) W. E.

GLASS, Philip

GOBINEAU, Arthur de

GODARD, Jean-Luc

GODEL, Kurt

GOEHR, Alexander

GOLDING, (Sir) William

GONCOURT, Edmond and Jules de

GOODMAN, Paul

GORBACHEV, Mikhail

GORECKI, Henryk

GORKY, Maxim

GOSSE, (Sir) Edmund

GOSSE, Philip Henry

GOULD, Stephen Jay

GOUNOD, Charles

GRAHAM, Martha

GRAMSCI, Antonio

GRASS, Gu¨nter

GREEN, Henry

GREENE, Graham

GREER, Germaine

GRIEG, Edvard

GRIFFITH, D. W.

GROPIUS, Walter

GUEVARA, Che

GUNN, Thom

GUTTIEREZ, Gustavo

GYATSO TENZIN, 14th Dalai Lama

HABERMAS, Ju¨rgen

HAGGARD, Rider

HAMMERSTEIN, Oscar

HAMSUN, Knut

HANDKE, Peter

HARDY, Thomas

HARNACK, Adolf von

HARRIS, Joel Chandler

HARTE, Bret

HAS. EK, Jaroslav

HAVEL, Va´clav

HAWKING, Stephen

HAWKS, Howard

HAWTHORNE, Nathaniel

HEANEY, Seamus

HEIDEGGER, Martin

HEISENBERG, Werner

HELLER, Joseph

HELMHOLTZ, Hermann

HEMINGWAY, Ernest

HENDRIX, Jimi

HENZE, Hans Werner

HEPWORTH, (Dame) Barbara

HERTZ, Heinrich

HERZEN, Alexandr

HERZL, Theodor

HERZOG, Werner

HESSE, Hermann

HEYERDAHL, Thor

HINDEMITH, Paul

HIRST, Damien

HITCHCOCK, Alfred

HITLER, Adolf

HO CHI MINH

HOCKNEY, David

HODDER, Ian

HOFSTEDE, Geert

HOGGART, Richard

HOLABIRD, William and ROCHE, Martin

HOLMES, Oliver Wendell

HOLROYD, Michael

HOLST, Gustav

HOMER, Winslow

HOPKINS, Gerard Manley

HOPPER, Edward

HORKHEIMER, Max

HOUSMAN, A. E.

HOWELLS, William Dean

HUGHES, Ted

HUGO, Victor

HUIZINGA, Johan

HUNT, William

HUSSERL, Edmund

HUNTINGTON, Samuel

HUXLEY, Aldous

HUXLEY, T.H.

HUYSMANS, Joris-Karl

IBSEN, Henrik

ILLICH, Ivan

IONESCO, Euge` ne

IQBAL, (Sir) Muhammad

IVES, Charles

JAKOBSON, Roman

JAMES, Henry

JAMES, William

JANA ´ C. EK, Leos

JARMAN, Derek

JARRY, Alfred

JASPERS, Karl

JEVONS, William Stanley

JOBS, Steven

JOHN XXIII

JOHN PAUL II

JOHNS, Jasper

JONES, LeRoi

JOULE, James Prescott

JOUVENEL DES URSINS, Bertrand de

JOWETT, Benjamin

JOYCE, James

JUDD, Donald

JUNG, C. G.

JU ¨ NGER, Ernst

KAFKA, Franz

KAHN, Louis

KANDINSKY, Wassily

KANG YOUWEI

KAWABATA YASUNARI

KEATON, ‘Buster’

KELLER, Hans

KELVIN, Lord

KENNEDY, J.F.

KERN, Jerome

KEROUAC, Jack

KESEY, Ken

KEYNES, John Maynard

KHOMEINI, Ruhollah Musavi

KIEFER, Anselm

KIESLOWSKI, Krzysztof

KING, Martin Luther, Jr

KING, Stephen

KIPLING, Rudyard

KIRCHNER, Ernst

KITAJ, Ronald Brooks

KLEE, Paul

KLEIN, Melanie

KLEIN, Yves

KLIMT, Gustav

KOCH, Heinrich

KODA ´ LY, Zolta´ n

KOESTLER, Arthur

KOHL, Helmut

KOKOSCHKA, Oscar

KOONING, Willem de

KOONS, Jeff

KRAUS, Karl

KRIPKE, Saul

KRISHNAMURTI, Jiddu

KRISTEVA, Julia

KROPOTKIN, Petr

KUBRICK, Stanley

KUHN, Thomas S.

KUNDERA, Milan

KUNG, Hans

KUROSAWA AKIRA

KURTAG, Gyo¨rgy

LACAN, Jacques

LAFORGUE, Jules

LAING, R. D.

LAMPEDUSA, Giuseppe di

LANG, Fritz

LARKIN, Philip

LARTET, Edouard

LAUTREAMONT, Comte de

LAWRENCE, D.H.

LE CARRE, John

LE CORBUSIER

LE FANU, Sheridan

LEACH, (Sir) Edmund

LEAN, (Sir) David

LEAR, Edward

LEARY, Timothy

LEAVIS, F.R.

LEGER, Fernand

LEMKIN, Raphae¨l

LENIN, Vladimir Ilyich

LEO XIII

LEVI, Primo

LEVI-STRAUSS, Claude

LEVINAS, Emmanuel

LEWIS, Sinclair

LEWIS, Saunders

LEWIS, Wyndham

LIBBY, Willard Frank

LICHTENSTEIN, Roy

LIGETI, Gyo¨rgy

LIN, Maya Ying

LINCOLN, Abraham

LISTER, Joseph

LISZT, Ferencz

LIVINGSTONE, David

LODGE, David

LONDON, Jack

LONGFELLOW, Henry Wadsworth

LORCA, Federico Garci´a

LORENTZ, H.A.

LORENZ, Konrad

LOSEY, Joseph

LOVELOCK, James

LOWELL, Amy

LOWELL, James Russell

LOWELL, Robert

LOWRY, L.S.

LU XUN

LUHMANN, Niklas

LUKACS, Georg

LUTOS L-AWSKI, Witold

LYOTARD, Jean Franc¸ois

MacDIARMID, Hugh

MACH, Ernst

MACHADO DE ASSIS, Joaquim Maria

MacINTYRE, Alasdair

MACKINTOSH, Charles Rennie

MacNEICE, Louis

MAETERLINCK, Mauritius Polydorus Maria

Bernardus

MAGRITTE, Rene´

MAHLER, Gustav

MAILER, Norman

MALCOLM X

MALEVICH, Kazimir

MALINOWSKI, Bronislaw

MALLARME, Ste´phane

MALRAUX, Andre´

MANDELA, Nelson

MANDELSTAM, Osip

MANET, Edouard

MANN, Jonathan

MANN, Heinrich

MANN, Thomas

MANNHEIM, Karl

MANSFIELD, Katherine

MAO ZEDONG

MAPPLETHORPE, Robert

MARC, Franz

MARCEAU, Marcel

MARCONI, Guglielmo

MARCUSE, Herbert

MARINETTI, Filippo

MARLEY, Bob

MARX, Karl

MATISSE, Henri

MATURANA, Humberto R.

MAUDIDI, Mawlana Abul Ala

MAUPASSANT, Guy de

MAUSS, Marcel

MAXWELL, James Clerk

McCARTHY, Mary

McEWAN, Ian

McLUHAN, Marshall

MEAD, Margaret

MEDAWAR, (Sir) Peter

MELVILLE, Herman

MENDEL, Gregor

MENDELEYEV, Dmitry

MERLEAU-PONTY, Maurice

MESSIAEN, Olivier

MIES VAN DER ROHE, Ludwig

MILL, John Stuart

MILLER, Arthur

MILLER, Henry

MILLET, Jean Franc¸ois

MILLETT, Kate

MIRO, Jo´an

MISHIMA YUKIO

MIZOGUCHI KENJI

MODIGLIANI, Amadeo

MOMMSEN, Theodor

MONDRIAN, Piet

MONET, Claude

MONNET, Omer Marie Gabriel Jean

MONTY PYTHON

MOORE, G..E.

MOORE, (Sir) Henry

MOORE, Marianne Craig

MOREAU, Gustave

MORGAN, Lewis H.

MORRIS, Robert

MORRIS, William

MORRISON, Toni

MOSCA, Gaetano

MUHAMMAD, Elijah

MUNCH, Edvard

MURRAY, (Sir) James

MUSIL, Robert

MUSSOLINI, Benito

MUSSORGSKY, Modest

NABOKOV, Vladimir

NADER, Ralph

NAGEL, Ernest

NAIPAUL, V.S.

NASSER, Gamal Abdel

NEEDHAM, Joseph

NERUDA, Pablo

NEWMAN, John Henry

NICHOLSON, Ben

NIEBUHR, Reinhold

NIEMEYER, Oscar

NIETZSCHE, Friedrich

NIGHTINGALE, Florence

NOBEL, Alfred

NOLAN, (Sir) Sidney

NOLDE, Emil

NOZICK, Robert

NUSSBAUM, Martha

OATES, Joyce Carol

O’CASEY, Sean

ODETS, Clifford

OE KENZABURO

OFFENBACH, Jacques

OLDENBURG, Claes

OMAR, Muhammad

O’NEILL, Eugene

ONO, Yoko

OPHU¨ LS, Max

OPPENHEIMER, J. Robert

PEI, Ieoh Ming

ORTEGA y GASSET, Jose´

ORTON, Joe

ORWELL, George

OWEN, Wilfred

OZ, Amos

OZU YASUJIRO

PALMER, Samuel

PAOLOZZI, (Sir) Eduardo

PARETO, Vilfredo

PARKER, Charles

PARKMAN, Francis

PARSONS, Talcott

PASK, Gordon

PASOLINI, Pier Paolo

PASTERNAK, Boris

PASTEUR, Louis

PATER, Walter

PAVLOV, Ivan Petrovich

PAZ, Octavio

PEAKE, Mervyn

PEIRCE, C. S.

PENDERECKI, Krzysztof

PE ´ REZ GALDO ´ S, Benito

PETRIE, Flinders

PIAGET, Jean

PICASSO, Pablo

PINTER, Harold

PIRANDELLO, Luigi

PISSARRO, Camille

PITT RIVERS, Augustus Lane Fox

PLANCK, Max

PLATH, Sylvia

POINCARE ´ , Henri

POIRET, Paul

POL POT

POLANSKI, Roman

POLLOCK, Jackson

POPPER, (Sir) Karl

PORTER, Cole

POULENC, Francis

POUND, Ezra

POWELL, Anthony

PRESLEY, Elvis

PRICE, Cedric

PROKOFIEV, Sergei

PROUDHON, Pierre-Joseph

PROUST, Marcel

PUCCINI, Giacomo

PUDOVKIN, Vsevolod

PUTNAM, Hilary

PUVIS DE CHAVANNES, Pierre

PYNCHON, Thomas

QUENEAU, Raymond

QUINE, Willard

QUTB, Sayyid Muhammad

RACHMANINOV, Sergei

RADCLIFFE-BROWN, A.R.

RAHNER, Karl

RAUSCHENBERG, Robert

RAVEL, Maurice

RAWLS, John

RAY, Man

RAY, Satyajit

REDON, Odilon

REICH, Steve

REICH, Wilhelm

REINHARDT, Ad

REINHARDT, Max

RENAN, Joseph-Ernest

RENOIR, Jean

RENOIR, Pierre-Auguste

RESNAIS, Alain

REUTER, Paul Julius von

RICHARDSON, Henry Hobson

RIEFENSTAHL, Leni

RIEFF, Philip

RIEMANN, Georg Friedrich Bernhard

RILEY, Bridget

RILKE, Rainer Maria

RIMBAUD, Arthur

RIMSKY-KORSAKOV, Nikolay

RIOPELLE, Jean-Paul

RIVERA, Diego

RIVERS, W. H. R.

ROBBE-GRILLET, Alain

ROCKWELL, Norman

RODGERS, Richard

RODIN, Franc¸ois-Auguste-Rene´

ROETHKE, Theodore

ROGERS, Carl

ROGERS, Richard

ROHMER, Eric

ROLFE, Frederick (Baron CORVO)

ROLLING STONES, The

ROOSEVELT, Franklin D.

ROSSETTI, Christina

ROSSETTI, Dante Gabriel

ROSTAND, Edmond

ROTH, Philip

ROTHKO, Mark

ROUAULT, Georges

ROUSSEAU, Henri

RUSHDIE, Salman

RUSKIN, John

RUSSELL, Bertrand

RUSTIN, Bayard

RUTHERFORD, Ernest

RYLE, Gilbert

SAID, Edward

SAIGO TAKAMORI

SAINT-SAENS, Charles Camille

SALINGER, J.D.

SANDBURG, Carl

SANTAYANA, George

SAPIR, Edward

SARDOU, Victorien

SARGENT, John Singer

SARRAUTE, Nathalie

SARTRE, Jean-Paul

SATIE, Erik

SAUSSURE, Ferdinand de

SCHENKER, Heinrich

SCHLICK, Moritz

SCHLIEMANN, Heinrich

SCHNITTKE, Alfred

SCHOENBERG, Arnold

SCHRODINGER, Erwin

SCORSESE, Martin

SCOTT, Gilbert

SCOTT, Ridley

SCRIABIN, Aleksandr

SEARLE, John

SEBALD, Winfried Georg

SEN, Amartya

SENGHOR, Le´opold Se´dar

SEURAT, Georges

SHAH, Idries

SHAW, George Bernard

SHAW, Norman

SHOLOKHOV, Mikhail

SHOSTAKOVICH, Dmitri

SIBELIUS, Jean

SICKERT, Walter

SIMMEL, Georg

SINGER, Isaac Bashevis

SIRK, Douglas

SISLEY, Alfred

SKINNER, B. F.

SMETANA, Bedich

SMITH, David

SMITH, William Robertson

SOLZHENITSYN, Aleksandr

SONDHEIM, Stephen

SOREL, Georges

SOUTINE, Chaim

SOYINKA, Wole

SPENCER, Herbert

SPENCER, (Sir) Stanley

SPENGLER, Oswald

SPIELBERG, Steven

SPOCK, Benjamin

STALIN, Joseph

STANISLAVSKY, Konstantin

STANLEY, Henry Morton

STANTON, Elizabeth Cady

STEIN, Gertrude

STEINBECK, John

STELLA, Frank

STEVENS, Wallace

STEVENSON, Robert Louis

STOCKHAUSEN, Karlheinz

STOPES, Marie

STOPPARD, (Sir) Tom

STOWE, Harriet Beecher

STRACHEY, Lytton

STRAUSS, David Friedrich

STRAUSS, Johann

STRAUSS, Leo

STRAUSS, Richard

STRAVINSKY, Igor

STRAWSON, Peter

STRINDBERG, August

SUKARNO, Ahmed

SULLIVAN, (Sir) Arthur

SULLIVAN, Louis Henry

SULSTON, (Sir) John

SUZUKI DAISETSU TEITARO

SWINBURNE, Algernon Charles

SYNGE, J. M.

SZASZ, Thomas Stephen

SZYMANOWSKI, Karol

TAGORE, Rabindranath

TAINE, Hippolyte-

TAKEMITSU TORU

TANGE KENZO

TANIZAKI JUNICHIRO

TAPIES, Antoni

TARKOVSKY, Andrei

TARSKI, Alfred

TAWNEY, R. H.

TCHAIKOVSKY, Petr

TENNYSON, Alfred (Lord)

THATCHER, Margaret

THESIGER, Wilfred

THOM, Rene´

THOMAS, Dylan

THOMAS, Philip Edward

THOMAS, R. S.

HOREAU, Henry David

TILLICH, Paul

TINBERGEN, Nikolaas

TINGUELY, Jean

TIPPETT, (Sir) Michael

TOCQUEVILLE, Alexis de

TOLKIEN, J. R. R.

TOLSTOY, Lev

TOULOUSE-LAUTREC, Henri de

TOYNBEE, Arnold

TROLLOPE, Anthony

TROTSKY, Leon

TRUFFAUT, Franc¸ois

TURGENEV, Ivan

TURING, Alan

TURNER, Frederick Jackson

TWAIN, Mark

TYLOR, (Sir) Edward Burnett

TZARA, Tristan

UNAMUNO, Miguel de

UPDIKE, John

UTRILLO, Maurice

VALERY, Paul

VAN DER POST, Laurens

VAN GOGH, Vincent

VARESE, Edgar

VARGAS LLOSA, Mario

VAUGHAN WILLIAMS, Ralph

VEBLEN, Thorstein

VELDE, Henri van de

VERDI, Giuseppe

VERGA, Giovanni

VERLAINE, Paul

VERNE, Jules

VERTOV, Dziga

VICTORIA and ALBERT

VIDAL, Gore

VIOLA, Bill

VIOLLET-LE-DUC, Euge`ne

VISCONTI, Luchino

VON FOERSTER, Heinz

VON NEUMANN, John

VON STERNBERG, Josef

VONNEGUT, Kurt, Jr

WAGNER, Richard

WAJDA, Andrzej

WALCOTT, Derek

WEBER, Max

WEBERN, Anton von

WEDEKIND, Frank

WEIL, Simone

WEILL, Kurt

WEIZMANN, Chaim

WELLES, Orson

WELLS, H. G.

WHARTON, Edith

WHISTLER, James Abbot McNeill

WA L-E. SA, Lech

WHITE, Patrick

WALEY, Arthur

WALLACE, Alfred

WARD, Mrs Humphry

WARHOL, Andy

WASHINGTON, Booker T.

WATSON, James Dewey

WATSON, John Broadus

WAUGH, Evelyn

WEBB, Beatrice and Sidney

WHITEHEAD, Alfred North

WHITMAN, Walt

WIENER, Norbert

WILDE, Oscar

WILLIAMS, Bernard

WILLIAMS, Raymond

WILLIAMS, Tennessee

WILLIAMS, William Carlos

WILSON, Edmund

WINNICOTT, Donald

WISTER, Owen

WITTGENSTEIN, Ludwig

WODEHOUSE, P. G.

WOLF, Hugo

WOLFE, Tom

WOOLF, Virginia

WOOLF, Leonard

WRIGHT, Frank Lloyd

WRIGHT, Richard

WUNDT, Wilhelm

WYETH, Andrew

YEANG, Ken

YEATS, Jack

YEATS, William Butler

YEVTUSHENKO, Yevgeny

YOSHIHARA JIRO

ZAMYATIN, Yevgeniy

ZAWAHIRI, Ayman

ZOLA, Emile

ZWEIG, Stefan

Author Bio

Justin Wintle is a freelance author, editor and journalist who has contributed to a wide variety of media outlets. He is editor of the original Makers of Culture, Makers of Modern Culture and Makers of Nineteenth Century Culture and the updated New Makers of Modern Culture.

Name: The Concise New Makers of Modern Culture (Hardback)Routledge 
Description: Edited by Justin Wintle. A Who's Who of Western culture, from Woody Allen to Emile Zola… Containing four hundred essay-style entries, and covering the period from 1850 to the present, The Concise New Makers of Modern Culture includes artists, writers,...
Categories: Social & Cultural History, Cultural Studies, Encyclopedias