Land Reform and Institutional Change in China
By Peter Ho
Routledge – 2005 – 348 pages
Developmental Dilemmas singles out land as an object of study and places it in the context of one of the world's largest and most populous countries undergoing institutional reform: the People's Republic of China. The book demonstrates that private property protected by law, the principle of 'getting-the-prices-right', and the emergence of effectively functioning markets are the outcome of a given society's historical development and institutional fabric. Peter Ho argues that the successful creation of new institutions hinges in part on choice and timing in relation to the particular constellation of societal, economic, political and cultural parameters. Disregarding these could result in rising inequality, bad land stewardship, and the eruption of land-related grievances.
Preface Introduction Restructuring Property Rights in China: The Chicken of Institutions or the Egg of Reforms? Part 1: Institutional Change, Politics and Administration 1. Property Rights and Land in Ex-Socialist States: Lessons of Transition for China 2. Land Use Rights: Legal Perspectives and Pitfalls for Land Reform 3. The Politics of Rural Land Use Planning Part 2: Land Tenure and Economic Relations 4. Land Tenure in China: Facts, Fictions and Issues 5. Market versus Administrative Reallocation of Land: An Econometric Analysis 6. Regional Differences in Land Holdings and Land Use: Analyzing the First Agricultural Census 7. What Drives Land Fragmentation? Theoretical Approaches and Empirical Analysis 8. Collective Landownership and its Role in Rural Industrialization Part 3: Rethinking Property Rights: Natural Resources and Gender 9. Property Rights Reform in Pastoral Areas: Dilemmas on the Road to the Household Ranch 10. Collective Forests and Forestland: Physical Asset Rights versus Economic Rights 11. Gender, Landlessness and Equity in Rural China
Peter Ho is Professor of International Development Studies and concurrent Director of the Centre for Development Studies at the University of Groningen, The Netherlands. He is member of the Academic Committee of the International Institute for Asian Studies in Leiden and member of the Steering Committee of the European Conference on Agriculture and Rural Development in China.