Marine Biodiversity, Climatic Variability and Global Change
Routledge – 2014 – 448 pages
Series: Earthscan Oceans
Biodiversity loss in terrestrial environments associated with human activities has been appreciated as a major issue for some years now. What is less well documented is the effect of such activities, including climate change, on marine biodiversity.
This pioneering book is the first to address this important but neglected topic, which is likely to be the key challenge for marine scientists in the near future. After initially describing the complexity and diversity of the marine environment and the organisms which inhabit it, the book demonstrates the major effect of climate variability and global change on marine biodiversity at a range of spatial and temporal scales and of levels of organization within ecosystems. Building on his research on monitoring plankton populations, the author shows how the food chain in the oceans will be affected and its potential impact on fisheries. The book will serve as a textbook for all students of marine science and environmental change, but will also be accessible to the more general reader.
1. Introduction 2. Introduction to Earth System Science Part 1: Natural Environmental Variability and Marine Biodiversity 3. Large-scale Hydro-climatic Variability 4. Large-scale Ecogeographic Patterns and Biogeography 5. Hydro-climatic Change and Marine Biodiversity 6. Temperature, a Major Driver of Changes in Marine Biodiversity Part 2: Changes in the Marine Biodiversity in the Anthropocene 7. Anthropogenic Climate Change 8. Species Exploitation 9. Eutrophication, Pollution and Invasion of Non-native Species 10. Synergistic Effects of Global Climate Changes and Direct Human Activities on the Biodiversity Part 3: Understanding, Prediction and Impacts of Changes in Marine Biodiversity 11. Scenarios of Change in Major Marine Systems 12. Potential Responses of the Earth System to Changes in Marine Biodiversity 13. Impacts of Changes in Marine Biodiversity 14. Monitoring the Marine Biosphere 15. Conclusions
Gregory Beaugrand is a research scientist at the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), currently based at the Laboratory of Oceanography and Geosciences in Wimereux, France. He is a research consultant at the Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science and a former member of the French National Committee for Scientific Research (Earth System Science).