Cosmopolitan Government in Europe
Citizens and Entrepreneurs in Postnational Politics
By Owen Parker
Routledge – 2012
The invocation of ‘the market’ has been omnipresent in media discussions of ‘crisis Europe’. On the one hand, ‘the market’ is presented as that to which EU member states must collectively respond. It is the very purpose of a post-national government and that which dictates individual and collective identities. The expansion of market is that which guarantees and constitutes peace in Europe. On the other hand, ‘the market’ is that which government must seek to tame. It is the servant of government and ought not be permitted to undermine collective identities and solidarities associated with the juridical imaginary of social contract and sovereign nation-state. It is, from this perspective, the expansion of the social institutions of nation-state into the post-national arena that will constitute a lasting peace in Europe.
Cosmopolitan Government in Europe uses a Foucauldian lens to consider the ethics of the scholarly and institutional discourses associated with these apparently divergent market and legal cosmopolitan visions of Europe. It reflects on attempts to reconcile or move beyond these discourses, particularly through the invocation of more pluralist modes of governance, but claims that such moves have been largely unsuccessful in both practice and theory. It argues that the very ambiguity in the relationship between the ideal subjects that these market and legal visions promote – respectively, post-national ‘entrepreneur’ and ‘citizen’ – is that which permits a space for resistance and politics. Thus, the book argues for a pragmatic politics which is cognizant of the violent potential inherent in any cosmopolitan attempt to govern Europe, while recognising the contemporary dangers associated with the dominance of a market cosmopolitan Europe.
This work is an important and timely intervention in contemporary debates about democratic Europe and its shortcomings and will be of great interest to scholars of international political theory, European studies and international political economy.
'Owen Parker has developed an important, timely and original argument about varieties of ethical reasoning in the area of cosmopolitanism and has shown how the EU project consists of a series of contests around rival cosmopolitanisms. This superb book makes very significant contributions to both international theory and European integration studies.' - Professor Ben Rosamond, University of Copenhagen
'In Cosmopolitan Government in Europe, Owen Parker hits the sweet spot between sophisticated theory and rich empirical analysis. A serious contribution to EU analysis, his Foucauldian take on the relationship between the market and the social in Europe deserves a wide readership among scholars and students of international theory and IPE.' - Daniel Wincott, Blackwell Professor of Law and Society, Cardiff Law School.
Introduction: The Ethics Of Cosmopolitan Government In Europe PART I: MARKET EUROPE 1. Foucault on liberal government 2. The expansion of liberal government PART II: SOCIAL EUROPE 3. Habermas’s ‘constitutional patriotism’ 4. Postnational citizens and their ‘others’ PART III: PLURAL EUROPE 5. The turn to ‘new governance’ 6. Postnational citizen meets postnational entrepreneur Conclusion
Owen Parker is a Lecturer in European politics at the University of Sheffield. His work addresses the governance of political economy, security and identity in the EU and has been published in such outlets as Journal of European Public Policy and Journal of Common Market Studies.