Refugees, Security and the European Union
Routledge – 2015 – 240 pages
Asylum and migration are amongst the most contentious political issues in Europe and it has been argued that migrants and asylum-seekers have been securitized in the EU and socially constructed as security threats.
This book analyses the extent and the modalities of the securitization of asylum-seekers and refugees in the European Union (EU). It seeks to analytically distinguish the asylum policy of the EU from its policies on migrants and border controls on the basis of the literature on ‘venue-shopping’ and policy venues. The authors argue that the development of the EU asylum policy, far from 'securitizing' asylum-seekers and refugees, has actually led to the strengthening and codification of several rights for these two categories of persons. However, the securitization of irregular migration had led to a significant strengthening of border controls at the EU external borders, which, in turn, has made it more difficult for asylum-seekers and refugees to access the protection granted by asylum systems in the EU.
Empirically examining the entire development of the EU’s policy towards asylum-seekers and refugees, from its origins in 1993, this book will of interest to students and scholars of European politics and security, refugees and migration studies and EU policy-making.
1. Introduction 2. A New Securitization Framework: securitization practices and venue-shopping 3. Refugees and Migrants in Europe: The Historical Context 4. EU Institutional Governance in Asylum and Migration until the Lisbon Treaty: Changes to the EU System of Policy Venues 5. The Development of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS): The Absence of Securitization in the Asylum Policy Venue 6. The External Dimension of the EU Asylum Policy: Limitations to Outward Venue-Shopping 7. The Impact of FRONTEX and the Securitization of Irregular Migration on the EU Asylum Policy: 8. The Case of the EU Southern Borders 9. Conclusion: Refugees, Security and the European Union
Sarah Leonard is Marie Curie Senior Research Fellow, Sciences Po Paris, France and Lecturer in International Security, University of Salford, UK.
Christian Kaunert is Marie Curie Senior Research Fellow, European University Institute (EUI) Florence, Italy and Lecturer in EU Politics and International Relations, University of Salford, UK.