Churchill, Roosevelt and India
Propaganda During World War II
Routledge – 2008 – 212 pages
As the United States was drawn into the Second World War, pressure grew from a number of nations for India’s independence. Prime Minister Churchill, in Britain's name, engaged deliberately in propaganda in the United States to persuade the American public and, through it, President Roosevelt that India should not be granted self-government at that time. Weigold adroitly unravels the reasons why this propaganda campaign was deemed necessary by Churchill, in the process, revealing the campaign’s outcomes for nationalist Indians.
In 1942 Sir Stafford Cripps went to India to offer limited self-government for the duration of the war. However, when negotiations between Churchill and his newly convened India Committee collapsed, the failure of the talks was publicized in the United States as a matter of Indian intransigence and not Britain’s failure to negotiate—a spin of the news that critically affected public opinion. Relying upon extensive archival research, Weigold exposes the gap between Britain’s propaganda account and both the official and unofficial records of the course the negotiations took. Weigold concludes that during the drafting, progress and planned failure of Cripps’ Offer, this episode in the imperial endgame revolved around Churchill and Roosevelt, leaving Indian leaders without influence over their immediate political future.
List of Abbreviations
Chapter One: Churchill, Roosevelt and India: The Genesis of the Propaganda Game
Chapter Two: America’s Interest in India: The Reasons for Britain’s Propaganda Campaign
Chapter Three: Cripps, India and the Evolution of the Propaganda Campaign
Chapter Four: Britain: Preparation for Propaganda
Chapter Five: United States: Approach to Information Gathering
Chapter Six: What Britain Said about Cripps’ Offer
Chapter Seven: What America Heard about Cripps’ Offer
Chapter Eight: Quit India: Gandhi’s Emergence
Appendix A: The Atlantic Charter, 1941
Appendix B: The Lend-Lease Act, 1941
Auriol Weigold is Course Convenor and Lecturer in the University of Canberra’s new BA International Studies.