Women in China's Muslim Northwest
Gender, Social Hierarchy and Ethnicity
By Ayxem Ali
Routledge – 2014 – 240 pages
Series: ASAA Women in Asia Series
The resurgence of Islam in China’s Northwest Xinjiang province among the Uyghurs, the largest ethnic group in the region, has been noted by numerous scholars. However, how this resurgence of Islam relates to Uyghur ethnic identity and how Uyghur women are responding to government policies and social change are questions that still need to be explored. This book focuses on Kashgar, an ancient city in south-western Xinjiang, bordering Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. It examines how the Kashgar women in different social strata have expressed their ethnic and gendered identities in the context of Islamic traditions, the resurgence of Islam, and the shifting policies of the Chinese government over the last fifty years. It addresses the changing class hierarchies, family planning programmes and the re-veiling of women. The book will appeal to readers from a wide range of disciplines, including scholars of minority and gender studies in China, Central Asia, anthropology, post-socialist studies, and Islamic studies, and to those interested in Chinese political history since the 1950s.
CHAPTER ONE Introduction. CHAPTER TWO Demographic Encroachment and Kashgar, the city. CHAPTER THREE Gender, Religion and the Contestation of Public Space. CHAPTER FOUR Marriage, Fertility and Family Planning in Kashgar. CHAPTER FIVE Ethnic Integration and Education. CHAPTER SIX Conclusion: negotiation, resistance and future perspective.
Ayxem Eli gained her PhD in Asian Studies/Anthropology from the University of Melbourne, Australia. She is currently working as a post-doctoral research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Germany.