Media and Democratic Transition in South Korea
By Ki-Sung Kwak
Routledge – 2012 – 178 pages
Since South Korea achieved partial democracy in 1987, the country has moved away from authoritarian political control. However, after two decades of democratic transition, South Korea still does not have a strong liberal, individualist culture – something that has brought about a wide range of scholarly discussion on the nature of democracy practised in this dynamic country. While the political changes in South Korea have received rigorous attention from Western scholars, less attention has been given to the changing nature and role of media in this and other such transitions. This book focuses on the changing role of media in the more democratised political landscape of South Korea. It thereby contributes to debates about the emerging role of the media in democratic transition, especially in relation to approaches that go beyond traditional Western constructs of media freedom and the relationship between the state and the media. In addition, it discusses the complex interacting forces that affect the role of the media and their implications for state control and democratisation.
1. Authoritarian Governments and Tame Media (-1987) 2. Early Democratic Transition: Conservative Governments and Cautious Media (1987-1997) 3. Reformist Governments and Contested Media (1998-2007) 4. Conservative Restoration and Redefining the Lines of Media Contestation (2008-) 5. Conclusion
Dr Ki-Sung Kwak is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Korean Studies at the University of Sydney, Australia. His publications include Mass Media in Australia (2001) and A Country Too Far: Representation of Australia in Korea Since the 1980s (1998).