Fault Lines in Global Jihad
Organizational, Strategic, and Ideological Fissures
Edited by Assaf Moghadam, Brian Fishman
Routledge – 2011 – 274 pages
Series: Political Violence
This book deals with the causes, nature, and impact of the divisions within the jihadi movement, and the splits between jihadis and other Islamic groups.
Fault Lines in Global Jihad offers a systematic and comprehensive examination of the broad range of divisions that contribute to the weakening of the jihadi movement. It separates these divisions into two broad categories, namely fissures dividing jihadis themselves, and divisions separating jihadis from other Muslim and Islamist groups. The first part of the book covers intra-jihadi divisions, highlighting tensions and divisions over strategic, tactical, and organizational issues. The second part of the book addresses several important case studies of jihadi altercations with other Muslim and Islamist groups of non-jihadi persuasion, such as the Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas, and the Shii community. More than simply an enumeration of problems and cracks within al-Qa’ida and its cohorts, this book addresses critical policy issues of relevance to the broader struggle against the global jihadi movement. The editors conclude that these divisions have and continue to weaken al-Qa’ida, but neither in an automatic nor in an exclusive fashion—for these divisions render the global jihadi movement simultaneously vulnerable and more resilient.
This book will be of much interest to students of jihadism, terrorism and political violence, Islamism, security studies and IR in general.
"This important edited volume focuses on the causes, nature, and impact of the ideological and theological divisions within the jihadi movement, and the splits between jihadis and other Islamist groups, which are contributing to the weakening of the jihadi movement." - Joshua Sinai, ‘Terrorism Bookshelf: Top 150 Books on Terrorism and Counterterrorism’, Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 6, No. 2 (2012)
"Despite the importance of understanding internal jihadi debates, a substantive book-length study has not been undertaken until the publication of this excellent edited volume. […] Its chapters can easy be read alone for those interested in only specific topics or for use in an upper-level undergraduate course or graduate seminars on Islamism, jihadi movements, and insurgencies." -- Christopher Anzalone, McGill University, The Muslim World Book Review, 32:3 (2012)
Introduction: Jihadi "Endogenous" Problems Assaf Moghadam and Brian Fishman Part 1: Inter-Jihadi Fault Lines 1. Takfir and Violence against Muslims Mohammed M. Hafez 2. The Near and Far Enemy Debate Steven Brooke 3. Jihadis Divided between Strategists and Doctrinarians Brynjar Lia 4. Classical and Global Jihad: Al-Qa’ida’s Franchising Frustrations Vahid Brown 5. Arab and non-Arab Jihadis Anne Stenersen 6. Jihadi Recantations and their Significance: The Case of Dr Fadl Nelly Lahoud Part 2: Fault Lines Dividing Jihadis and Other Muslims 7. Islam Divided between Jihad and the Muslim Brotherhood Marc Lynch 8. Al-Qa’ida and Shiism Bernard Haykel 9. Jihadists and Nationalist Islamists: Al-Qa’ida and Hamas Reuven Paz 10. Fault Lines in Cyberspace Scott Sanford Conclusion Conclusion: Jihadi Fault Lines and Counterterrorism Policy Brian Fishman and Assaf Moghadam
Assaf Moghadam is Director of Terrorism Studies and Assistant Professor at the Combating Terrorism Center, US Military Academy, West Point.
Brian Fishman is Counterterrorism Research Fellow at the New America Foundation, an Adjunct Professor at the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University and a Fellow at the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, where he served previously as the Director of Research.