Welfare Reform in East Asia
Edited by Chak Kwan Chan, Kinglun Ngok
Routledge – 2011 – 178 pages
In many Western countries, social welfare payments are increasingly being made conditional on recipients doing voluntary work or attending job training courses, a system known as "welfare-to-work" or "workfare". Although social welfare in Asia is very different to the West, with much smaller social welfare budgets, a strong self-reliance and a much higher dependency on family networks to provide support, the workfare approach is also being adopted in many Asian countries. This is the first book to provide a comprehensive overview of how welfare reform around work is implemented in leading East Asian.
Based on the experiences of seven East Asian economies - including China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Hong Kong and Macau - this book critically analyses current trends; the social, economic and political factors which lead to the implementation of workfare; compares the similarities and differences of workfare in the different polities and assesses their effectiveness.
List of tables and figures List of abbreviations Preface About the contributors Part I: Introduction 1. Understanding Workfare in Western and East Asian Welfare States - Chak Kwan Chan Part II: Workfare in Seven East Asian Economies 2. Workfare in Mainland China: A Reaction to Welfare Dependency? - Kinglun Ngok, Wingkit Chan & Zhaiwen Peng 3. Workfare in Hong Kong - Joe C. B. Leung 4. From Workfare to Cash for All: The Politics of Welfare Reform in Macau - Alex H. Choi & Eva P.W. Hung 5. Workfare in Taiwan: From Social Assistance to Unemployment Absorber - Chin-fen Chang 6. Workfare in Japan - Shogo Takegawa 7. Workfare in South Korea: Delivering Unemployment Benefits in the Developmental Welfare State - Huck-ju Kwon & Jooha Lee 8. Workfare in Singapore - Irene Y.H. Ng Part III: Conclusion 9. Workfare in East Asia: Development & Characteristics - Chak Kwan Chan
Chak Kwan Chan is Reader in Social Policy at Nottingham Trent University, UK. Kinglun Ngok is Professor and Director of the Institute for Social Policy, Centre for Public Administration, School of Government at Sun Yat-sen University, China. They recently co-authored Social Policy in China: Development and Well-Being.