The Making of Modern Georgia, 1918-2012
The First Georgian Republic and its Successors
Edited by Stephen F. Jones
Routledge – 2014 – 352 pages
Routledge – 2014 – 352 pages
When most of Eastern Europe was struggling with dictatorships of one kind or another, the Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918-1921) established a constitution, a parliamentary system with national elections, an active opposition, and a free press. Like the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918, its successors emerged after 1991 from a bankrupt empire, and faced, yet again, the task of establishing a new economic, political and social system from scratch. In both 1918 and 1991, Georgia was confronted with a hostile Russia and followed a pro-Western and pro-democratic course. The top regional experts in this book explore the domestic and external parallels between the Georgian post-colonial governments of the early twentieth and twenty-first centuries. How did the inexperienced Georgian leaders in both eras deal with the challenge of secessionism, what were their state building strategies, and what did democracy mean to them? What did their electoral systems look like, why were their economic strategies so different, and how did they negotiate with the international community neighbouring threats. These are the central challenges of transitional governments around the world today. Georgia’s experience over one hundred years suggests that both history and contemporary political analysis offer the best (and most interesting) explanation of the often ambivalent outcomes.
Preface Redjeb Jordania Introduction Stephen F. Jones Part 1: Good Neighbors, Bad Neighbors 1. The Role of Geopolitics and Foreign Powers in the Modern History of Georgia: Comparing 1918-1921 and post-1991 Periods Revaz Gachechiladze 2. The Russian-Georgian War and its Implications for Georgia’s State-Building Alexander Rondeli 3. Georgia's European Aspirations and the Eastern Partnership Gia Tarkhan-Mouravi 4. Georgia as a Geographical Pivot: Past, Present, Future Mamuka Tsereteli 5. Georgia’s Military and Civil Security Challenges Alexandre Kukhianidze Part 2: Creating Democracy, Building States 6. Georgia’s Ethnic Diversity: A Challenge to State-Building Natalie Sabanadze 7. The Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918-1921) and the Search for the Democratic Model of Georgia Malkhaz Matsaberidze 8. The Democratic Republic of Georgia: Forgotten Lessons for our Democracy Giorgi Kandelaki 9. March of the Goblins - Permanent Revolution in Georgia Levan Ramishvili and Tamar Chergoleishvili Part 3: Home for Whom? 10. A Fateful Moment: Ethnic Autonomy and Revolutionary Violence in the Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918-1921) Cory Welt 11. "From Words to Action!" Nationality Policy in Soviet Abkhazia, 1921-38 Timothy K. Blauvelt 12. Unpacking the Meta-Conflict: Claims to Sovereignty, Self-Determination and Territorial Integrity in the Georgian-Abkhaz Conflict Laurence Broers Part 4: The Power of the Past 13. The Young Stalin and Revolution in Georgia Ronald Suny 14. "The Russian Occupation in 1921" and the "Russian-Georgian War of August 2008" – Historical Analogy as a Memory Project Malkhaz Toria
Stephen F. Jones is Professor of Russian and Eurasian Studies, Mount Holyoke College, Massachusetts, USA