Backpacker Tourism and Economic Development
Perspectives from the Less Developed World
Routledge – 2013 – 166 pages
Routledge – 2013 – 166 pages
There has been a phenomenal growth of backpacker tourism from the overland routes to India in the 1960s, to present-day backpacker tourism across the less developed world. As a result there has been significant economic development impacts of backpacker tourism upon local communities especially in areas with the largest concentrations of backpackers (South and South-East Asia particularly Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and India), as well as increasingly in Latin America.
This volume provides a focused review of the economic development impacts of backpacker tourism in developing regions furthering knowledge on how backpacker tourism can play a crucial role in development strategies in these areas. First, it reviews the origins of the backpackers with a detailed examination of their "hippy" predecessors on the overland trail, before discussing the emergence of modern backpackers including social and cultural aspects, and how new technologies are changing their experience. It then analyses the powerful economic development impacts of backpackers on local host communities in cities and rural areas with a special focus on coastal destinations. Extensive case study material is used from backpacker destinations across Asia, Latin America and Africa. In doing so the book provides original insights into how backpacker tourism is highly significant for poverty alleviation and effective local development since it has strong linkages to the local economy, and less economic leakage than conventional tourism.
Written by a leading academic in this area, this volume will be of interest to students of Tourism and Development Studies.
"Mark Hampton’s pioneering analysis of backpacker tourism’s economic potential is oft-cited and has influenced tourism policy makers in developing countries such as Malaysia to shift their previously negative attitude towards backpackers."
"This new book is a timely, comprehensive analysis. Mark’s experience as a backpacker illuminates his candid review of backpacker tourism’s evolution. His insight and scholarship are evident as he discusses how backpacking changed from a counter-cultural rite of passage to a mainstream, institutionalized market segment, and how hosting backpackers benefits developing countries. He has done justice to his subject in this authoritative, well-written account with wit and humour. This is a wonderful and fascinating book."- Professor Amran Hamzah, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
"A colourful and absorbing analysis of the history and economic impact of backpackers. Full of personal anecdotes from previous travellers, plus primary research about economic benefits arising from activities such as Full Moon Parties. It shows how backpacking has changed from ‘hippies’ to higher-spending tourists, often on gap years. An impressive, entertaining work that advances studies of both economic development and tourism." – Tim Forsyth, Times Higher Education
1. What is Backpacker Tourism? 2. Cultural and Social Aspects of Backpackers 3. Who Wins, Who Loses? Backpacker Tourism and Economic Development 4. Guest Houses and Tattoo Parlours: Backpackers in Cities 5. The Beach and Full Moon Parties: Backpackers at the Coast 6. Policy Implications and Conclusions
Mark P. Hampton is Senior Lecturer in Tourism Management at the University of Kent, and Director of the Centre for Tourism in Islands and Coastal Areas (CENTICA).