Economic Growth and Income Inequality in China, India and Singapore
Trends and Policy Implications
Routledge – 2011 – 186 pages
The world at large is watching both China and India as powerhouses of economic growth. The two nations have achieved significantly high rates of economic growth ever since their respective economies liberalized in 1978 and 1991. Singapore, despite its limited land size and almost total dependence on external trade, has performed remarkably well and has moved ‘from the third world to the first’. This book documents and explains the rapid economic growth of the three key Asian economies.
The book also looks at what has happened to income inequality in the context of superior growth performance. It makes comparative assessments and examines the implications for the three nations. Since free markets have nothing in them to produce a reduction in income inequality among persons/households, one must at best hope for equality of opportunity – notably reflected in identical schooling for all; identical health care for all; and minimal rather than vulgar inequality in housing. This book is particularly useful for both China and India which may wish to study and learn from Singapore in regard to the policies, programmes and projects aimed at ensuring equality of opportunity.
The book is backed by considerable expertise on the part of the researchers, with demonstrated expertise through their publications spawning a few decades. It is invaluable to those who are concerned with designing policies for developing countries aimed at rapid and inclusive economic growth.
This book has been made possible by the intellectual and financial support extended by the Global Asia Institute, National University of Singapore.
'The book offers some good insights into the economic growth trajectory for these three countries…Researchers interested in income inequality and economic development will be interested in this book. The authors understand the data difficulties and have waded through various data sources to use the most relevant to many questions they address… I recommend the book to those interested in Asian economic development and strategies to alleviate poverty.' — American Journal of Agricultural Economics Volume 94, Issue 4, July 2012
‘The worsening income inequality is an increasing concern throughout the world, and in particular, in the fast growing nations of Singapore, China and India. This is a timely book that provides an analytical diagnosis of the many issues pertaining to income inequality and economic growth. The three authors, Dr. Pundarik Mukhopadhaya, Dr. G. Shantakumar and Dr. Bhanoji Rao, have extensive research experience in the area of income equality and are among the best researchers on this important topic.’ —Lim Chong Yah, Emeritus Professor of Economics, Nanyang Technological University and National University of Singapore, Singapore
"… the discussion on all three Asian nations is very comprehensive, suggesting that this book is another very good source for researchers and students interested in growth and equity in the Asian region." —Alberto Posso, Senior Lecturer, School of Economics at RMIT University, Australia
1. Introduction 2. China's Growth: From Ideology to Economic Superpower 3. China's Income Inequality: Moving Up and Unsustainable? 4. India's Growth: From Hindu Rate to East Asian Levels 5. India: The Issue of Inequality 6. Singapore's Growth: Making of the Global City-State 7. Income Inequality: The Singapore Case 8. Summary and Concluding Notes
Pundarik Mukhopadhaya is an Associate Professor at the Department of Economics, Macquarie University, Australia. Dr Mukhopadhaya has published widely on income distribution analysis and various other issues in development economics. Some of his major publications have appeared in Journal of Contemporary Asia, Researches on Economic Inequality, Advances in Econometrics, Applied Economics, Journal on Income Distribution, Journal of Asian Economics, Asian Economics Journal, Journal of World Investment and Trade, Netherlands International Law Review, Oxford Development Studies and Economic Record. Dr Mukhopadhaya has also provided consultancy to UNESCO, the World Bank and WHO.
G. Shantakumar is currently a consultant demographer and statistician. He was a statistician with Department of Statistics of the Government of Malaysia and was an academic (1970-2001) at the National University of Singapore. He obtained his PhD from the National University of Singapore in 1980. Dr Shantakumar has published widely with 12 books and monographs, 26 chapters in books, 24 papers in refereed journals, and 32 consultancy reports (in confidential domain), and 36 conference papers. His consultancy clientele includes various government ministries and agencies in Singapore, UNESCO, WHO at Manila, Singapore Airlines, Australian Meat and livestock Corporation, and other NGOs concerned with community development and self-help.
Bhanoji Rao holds a Doctorate in Economics from the University of Singapore (now NUS). His teaching and research career included positions at the University of Singapore, National University of Singapore and the World Bank at Washington and Jakarta. He is currently Visiting Professor at Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, NUS. Prof Rao has also provided consultancy to Singapore Airlines, IBM-Singapore, IDRC–Canada, UNESCAP, the World Bank and most recently the Asian Development Bank, Manila. His publications included 17 books, 40 chapters in books, 62 papers in refereed journals and 14 monographs.