Routledge Handbook of Civil Wars
Edited by Edward Newman, Karl DeRouen, Jr.
To Be Published December 31st 2013 by Routledge – 384 pages
This comprehensive new Handbook explores the significance and nature of intrastate conflict and civil war in the modern world, covering a wide range of topics including micro-level issues as well as broader debates. It includes essays by leading contributors from around the world and will set a benchmark for future research in the field.
Civil wars and intrastate conflict represent the principal form of organized violence since the end of World War II, and certainly in the contemporary era. These conflicts have a huge impact – in terms of human destruction, the political and economic consequences for communities involved, insecurity across borders, and the impact they have upon international relations more broadly. Intrastate conflict reflects, and also drives, major political change within the societies in which they occur and also internationally. This form of armed conflict therefore forms one of the primary intellectual and practical problems for those interested in organized conflict in the 21st Century. Recent intrastate and regional conflicts in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Somalia, Nepal, Cote d'Ivoire and Libya – amongst others – have global importance and have refocused academic and policy interest upon civil war.
This volume represents a state-of-the-art collection of essays on key debates related to the sources, causes, duration, nature and recurrence of civil wars, their political ‘meaning’ and international impact, and how they are terminated. It considers patterns and types of civil wars, and projected trends for the 21st century, and includes a number of chapters on methodological debates related to how intrastate conflicts should be defined, categorized, and analysed. It also covers some of the key debates related to the study of contemporary intrastate conflict: Is the concept of ‘civil war’ empirically meaningful in an era of globalization and transnational war? Is it possible to analyze intrastate conflict and civil war ‘scientifically’? What are the methodological challenges inherent in making general explanations relating to the causes, nature and dynamics of civil war (compared to case specific explanations)? What are the principal patterns and types of civil war in recent decades? Is the era of ‘major’ civil wars at an end? Does the ‘greed’ and ‘grievance’ debate help us to understand contemporary civil war?
This volume will be of much interest to students of civil wars and intrastate conflict, ethnic conflict, political violence, peace and conflict studies, security studies and IR in general.
Introduction: Defining and Categorizing Civil Wars PART I: Theoretical and Methodological Debates 1. Theoretical Debates: The Evolution and Future of Civil War Studies 2. Quantitative and Econometric Methodologies 3. Anthropological and Ethnographic Approaches 4. Sociological Approaches 5. Micro-Studies 6. Critical Perspectives PART II: Causes of Civil Wars 7. Political Insurgency 8. Ethnicity and Identity Conflict: Primordialism and the Manipulation/Construction of Identity 9. Absolute and Relative Deprivation/Horizontal Inequalities 10. Natural Resources and the War Economy 11. Demographic Factors 12. Regime Type and Political Transition 13. Religion 14. Human Rights Abuse and Oppression (Child Soldiers) 15. Separatist Conflicts 16. Statebuilding, State Predation and State Failure 17. Globalization and Social Transition 18. Environmental Factors and Scarcity PART III: Nature and Impact of Civil Wars 19. The Changing Nature of Intrastate Conflict and ‘New Wars’ 20. Patterns of Civil Wars in the 21st Century: The Decline of Major Civil War? 21. Private Military Companies 22. Military Tactics in Civil War 23. Forced Migration as a Cause and Consequence of Intrastate Conflict 24. Changing Technologies and Social Media 25. Gendered Impacts, Cynthia Weber and Erik Melander 26. Atrocities and Ethnic Cleansing in Civil War 27. Counter-insurgency 28. Terrorism in Civil War PART IV: International Dimensions 29. International Intervention in Civil Wars 30. International Humanitarian Law in Civil War 31. Civil Wars and State Failure as a Challenge to International Security PART V: Termination and Resolution of Civil Wars 32. How Civil Wars End (and Recur) 33. Conflict Resolution in Civil Wars 34. Peacebuilding after Civil War
Edward Newman is Senior Lecturer and Deputy Head of the Department of Political Science and International Studies at the University of Birmingham, UK. He is editor of the journal Civil Wars and author/editor of four books.
Karl R. DeRouen is Professor and Director of the International Studies Program at theUniversity of Alabama, USA. He is author/editor of several books.