The Origins of U.S. Policy in the East China Sea Islands Dispute
Okinawa's Reversion and the Senkaku Islands
Routledge – 2013 – 360 pages
Ownership of the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea is disputed between China and Japan, though historically the islands have been part of Okinawa, the southernmost islands of the Japanese archipelago. The dispute, which also involves Taiwan, has the potential to be a flashpoint between the two countries if relations become more strained, especially as the exploitation of gas reserves in the adjoining seabed is becoming an increasingly important issue. A key aspect of the dispute is the attitude of the United States, which, surprisingly, has so far refrained from committing itself to supporting the claims of one side or the other, despite its long-standing, strong alliance with Japan. This book charts the development of the Senkaku Islands dispute, and focuses in particular on the negotiations between the United States and Japan prior to the handing back to Japan in 1972 of Okinawa. The book shows how the detailed progress of these negotiations was critical in defining the United States' neutral attitude to the dispute and the problems this position presents.
Preface Introduction 1. A History of the Senkaku Islands 2. Okinawa and the Senkaku Islands under U.S. Occupation and Administration 3. The United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) Survey and the Start of the East China Sea Islands Dispute 4. The Okinawa Reversion Negotiations and America’s "Neutrality Policy" 5. The Signing and Ratification of the Okinawa Reversion Treaty and Domestic and Regional Reactions Conclusion Appendix 1: Agreement Between Japan and the United States of America Concerning the Ryukyu Islands and the Daito Islands (June 17, 1971) Appendix 2: Agreed Minutes (June 17, 1971) Appendix 3: Guidance to U.S. Oil Companies (April 10, 1971) Appendix 4: Statement by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (June 11, 1971) Appendix 5: Statement by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, People’s Republic of China (December 30, 1971) Appendix 6: Japanese Foreign Ministry’s Views Concerning the Rights to Ownership over the Senkaku Islands (March 8, 1972) Appendix 7: Statement by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (May 9, 1972)
Robert D. Eldridge is a former Associate Professor of U.S.-Japan Relations at the School of International Public Policy, Osaka University, and a visiting scholar at the Okinawa Institute for Law and Politics, Okinawa International University, both in Japan.