Status, Money and Transatlantic Marriages, 1870-1914
Routledge – 1989 – 360 pages
This book examines the marriages of British peers to American women within the context of the opening up of London and New York society and the growing competitiveness for high social status. In London, American women were often blamed for the growing hedonism and materialism of smart society and for poaching in the marriage market. They were invariably described as frivolous, vain and calculating – a description which points to the simmering anti-American sentiment in Britain. It was even suggested that titled Americans were having a detrimental effect on the British peerage because of their failure to produce male heirs.
A brilliant analysis of the reasons why American women were viewed pejoratively not only in terms of anti-American feeling and the social transformation of the British upper class, but also the threat of women who did not appear to conform to aristocratic notions of a peeress’s duties as a wife and mother.
Introduction Part 1: The Expatriate Tradition 1. Transatlantic Travellers: 'Discoverers of a Kind of Hymeneal North-West Passage' Part 2: The American Leisure Class 2. 'Pecuniary Competition' and the Search for Status: New York’s High Society 3. 'For Them He Slaves': American Women of the Leisure Class Part 3: Americans in London Society 4. American Invasion or Aristocratic Embrace? The Entry of Americans in London’s High Society After 1870 5. The London Marriage Market Part 4: 'Gilded Prostitution': Money and Marriage 6. Title for Money: The Persistence of a Cliché 7. The American Heiress: The Formation of a Stereotype 8. Speculation, Sensation, and Scandal: The American Response to Titled Marriages Part 5: Titled Americans 9. Wives and Mothers: The Domestic Roles of Titled Americans 10. Hostesses, Political Campaigners, and Actresses: Titled Americans and their Public Roles. Conclusion: Stereotypes and Their Function. Appendices