Adaptation to Climate Change through Water Resources Management
Capacity, Equity and Sustainability
Edited by Dominic Stucker, Elena Lopez-Gunn
Routledge – 2013 – 384 pages
The impacts of human-induced climate change are largely mediated by water, such as seasonal changes in river basins due to glacial melt, increased occurrence of droughts and floods, and sea level rise in densely-populated coastal areas. Such phenomena impact both urban and rural communities in developed, emerging, and developing countries. This book analyzes evidence from river basins around the world and identifies common barriers and opportunities for adaptation to climate change.
All chapters consider the crosscutting themes of institutional capacity, equity, and sustainability. These show how to design resilient water allocation policies and systems that are capable of protecting social and environmental interests, whilst ensuring the efficient use of an often scarce resource. Case studies are included from Europe, Asia, Africa, North and South America.
The book recognizes that many water basin and coastal institutions are experiencing increasing environmental and social pressure due to population growth, development and migration. It describes how climate change impacts add stresses to already stretched systems, threatening the efficacy of institutions and those living in a given river catchment. While cooperative interactions over water still outnumber conflictive ones, environmental security analyses demonstrate that disputes over water and land rights can lead to social unrest and violent conflict.
1. Adaptation to Climate Change: Capacity, Equity, and Sustainability
Dominic Stucker and Elena Lopez-Gunn
Part 1: Planning for Adaptation
2. Adaptation Opportunities to Climate Variability in the Face of Growing Urban Water Demand
Raed Al Tabini, Octavio A. Ramirez, Frank A. Ward and Richard Phillips
3. Planning and Management of the River Po and its Delta in the Perspective of Climate Change: Conflict and Opportunities among Local Actors and Institutions
4. Multi-level Adaptation to Climate change Impacts in River Basin Planning: the City within the Catchment?
Elena Lopez-Gunn, E. Vargas, T. Estrela and L. Lazaro-Touza
5. Climate Change Impacts and Water Resources in Semi-arid Regions: Adaptation and Mitigation Practices in the Limpopo River Basin
Stanley Mubako and Nazia Mintz-Habib
6. Barriers and Aids to Developing Adaptive Capacity in the Water Sector, using South Florida Water Management as a Case Study
7. Climate Change and Water Security Frames: The Discursive Framing of Climate-Related Threats and Opportunities in the Netherlands
Arwin van Buuren and Jeroen Warner
Part 2: Adaptive Capacity for Local Livelihoods
8. Climate Change and Irrigated Agriculture: Water Management Institutionalization in the Argentinian Pampas
9. Local Perceptions of Climate Change and its Impacts on Indigenous Fruit Trees, Adaptation Strategies, and Sustainability in Benin
Adande Belarmain Fandohan and Aida Cuni Sanchez
10. Farmers' Perceptions and Responses to Annual Flood Events in the Vietnamese Mekong River Delta
Van Kien Nguyen
11. Water for Rice Farming and Biodiversity: Exploring Choices for Adaptation to Climate Change in Doñana, Southern Spain
Lucia de Stefano, N. Hernández Mora, A. Iglesias and B. Sánchez
Part 3: Rights-based Approches and Shared Resources
12. Whitewashing Water Rights in Canadian Indigenous Communities
Heather Castleden and Emiliy Skinner
13. Climate Change, Transboundary Water Management and Peace-Building in the Middle East: Can Civil Society Show Us the Way?
14. Social Vulnerability, Climate change and Adaptation: 'Zooming in' on the Border Areas of Afghanistan and Pakistan Looking for Solutions
15. Equity Matters: Supporting Projects for Adaptation to Climate change in River Basin Communities in Ethiopia, Ghana, Peru and Vietnam
Danielle Hirsch and Annelieke Douma
Part 4: Responses to Extreme Events
16. Climate change, Floods and Migration PRocesses: Examples from Bangladesh and India
Robert Stojanov, Jiří Jakubínský, Bára Duží, and Zuzana Cáhlíková
17. Cooperation and Adaptation to Droughts and Flashfloods in the Transboundary Khodjabakirgan River, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan
Dominic Stucker, Kai Wegerich, Juip Kazbekoz and Murat Yakubov
18. Adapting Water Resources Management to Extreme Weather, Climate Variability and Climate Change in Australia's Murray-Darling Basing: Impacts and Legacies of "The Big Dry"
Sam Carpon and Jason Alexandra
19. Climate Adaptation through Improves Drought Risk Early Warning, Vulnerability Assessment and Management: the Case of Chronically Water-scarce Northwest Mexico
Katherine Curl, Carolina Neri and Christopher Scott
20. Conclusions and Policy Recommendations
Elena Lopez-Gunn and Dominic Stucker
Dominic Stucker is a Research Intern, International Water Management Institute, Sri Lanka, and Programs Manager, Sustainability Leaders Network, Brazil.
Elena Lopez-Gunn is a Senior Research Fellow at the Water Observatory, Botin Foundation, Madrid, Spain, and Visiting Senior Fellow, London School of Economics, UK.