Enlightenment Political Thought and Non-Western Societies
Sultans and Savages
Routledge – 2009 – 228 pages
Frederick G. Whelan, a leading scholar of Enlightenment political thought, provides an illuminating and incisive interpretation of key eighteenth and nineteenth century European political thinkers' accounts and assessments of the societies and political institutes of the non-Western world. These writers opened up a major new comparative dimension for political theory and its project both to explain and evaluate different political regimes. While the intellectual confrontation of European thinkers with alien cultures tended on the whole to confirm Westerners' sense of the superiority of their own institutions, it was also characterized – during the Enlightenment more so than later – by convictions regarding a common humanity and a corresponding sympathetic curiosity about different ways of life, however primitive or exotic they might appear. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of both political philosophy and thought as well as historians of this important period of history.
Introduction. 1. Hume and the Non-Western World 2. Scottish Theorists, French Jesuits, and the "Rude Nations" of North America 3. Oriental Despotism: Anquetil-Duperron’s Response to Montesquieu 4. Burke, India, and Orientalism 5. Hegel and the Oriental World. Afterword.
Frederick G. Whelan is professor of Political Science at the University of Pittsburgh. He is the author of Order and Artifice in Hume's Political Philosophy; Edmund Burke and India: Political Morality and Empire; and Hume and Machiavelli: Political Realism and Liberal Thought.