Devotional Islam in Contemporary South Asia
Shrines, Journeys and Wanderers
Edited by Michel Boivin, Remy Delage
Routledge – 2013 – 256 pages
This book discusses the role of popular Islam in structuring individual and collective identities in contemporary South Asia. It identifies similarities and differences between the worship of saints and the pattern of religious attendance to tombs and mausoleums in South Asian Sufism and Shi`ism.
Inspired by new advances in the field of ritual and pilgrimage studies, the contributors demonstrate in that religious gatherings are spaces of negotiation and redefinitions of religious identity and of the notion of sainthood. Drawing from a large corpus of vernacular and colonial sources, but also from the register of popular literature and ethnographic observation, the authors describe how religious identities are co-constructed through the management of rituals, and constantly renegociated through discourses and religious practices.
This book enables students, researchers and academics to critically understand the complexity of religious places within the world of popular and devotional Islam. This remapping of geography of Muslim religious gatherings in contemporary South Asia also contributes to a new understanding of the subject in terms of South Asian and Islamic Studies.
1. Introduction, Michel Boivin & Rémy Delage Part 1 Figures of wandering ascetics through history 2. Vagrancy and pilgrimage according to the Sufi Qalandari path: The illusions of Antistructure, Alexandre Papas 3. Qalandar-s and Qalandari-s: Antinomianism as a changing concept in the Indus Valley, Michel Boivin 4. Qalandars and Ahl-e Haqq, Mojan Membrado Part 2 The saints’ charisma and conflicting representations of sainthood 5. How discourses construct figures of ‘normalised holiness’, Delphine Ortis 6. [Re] imagining Gender: The question of spiritual authority among female fakirs of Sehwan sharîf, Omar Kasmani 7. Sufi practice, aesthetics and entertainment. Music in an Indian Sufi shrine, Mikko Viitamäki, 8. The dargah of "Zinda" Shah Madar. Negotiating religious authority at a shrine, Ute Falasch Part 3 Religious circulations, the city and the making of ritual spaces 9. The shrine and the Chishtis of Pakpattan, Muhammad Mubeen 10. Muharram processions and ritual geographies in Central Sindh, Rémy Delage 11. The Mother and the Other. Tourism and pilgrimage at the shrine of Hiṅglāj Devī/Bībī Nānī in Baluchistan, Jürgen Schaflechner Part 4 Pilgrimage politics and Sufi shrines policies 12. Maududi on shrines and Sufism or the building of a new Islamic orthodoxy, Kashif Sherwani 13. Pilgrimage, worship and respect: The Sufi defence of the ziyarat in Hyderabad, Mauro Valdinoci 14. An ambiguous and contentious politicization of Sufi shrines and pilgrimages in Pakistan, Alix Philippon 15. Conclusion Michel Boivin & Rémy Delage
Michel Boivinis a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for South Asian Studies (CEIAS, CNRSEHESS), Paris, Frances.
Rémy Delage is coordinator of a research project on religious minorities in contemporary India at the Centre for Human Sciences (CSH) in New Delhi (India) and a team member of the French Study Group on Sindh, headed by Michel Boivin at the EHESS in Paris.