After Sustainable Cities?
Edited by Mike Hodson, Simon Marvin
Routledge – 2014 – 176 pages
A sustainable city has been defined in many ways. Yet, the most common understanding is a vision of the city that is able to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Central to this vision are two ideas: cities should meet social needs, especially of the poor, and not exceed the ability of the global environment to meet needs.
After Sustainable Cities critically reviews what has happened to these priorities and asks whether these social commitments have been abandoned in a period of austerity governance and climate change and replaced by a darker and unfair city. This book provides the first comprehensive and comparative analysis of the new eco-logics reshaping conventional sustainable cities discourse and environmental priorities of cities in both the global north and south. The dominant discourse on sustainable cities, with a commitment to intergenerational equity, social justice and global responsibility, has come under increasing pressure. Under conditions of global ecological change, international financial and economic crisis and austerity governance new eco-logics are entering the urban sustainability lexicon – climate change, green growth, smart growth, resilience and vulnerability, ecological security. This book explores how these new eco-logics reshape our understanding of equity, justice and global responsibility, and how these more technologically and economically driven themes resonate and dissonate with conventional sustainable cities discourse. This book provides a warning that a more technologically driven and narrowly constructed economic agenda is driving ecological policy and weakening previous commitment to social justice and equity.
After Sustainable Cities brings together leading researchers to provide a critical examination of these new logics and identity what sort of city is now emerging, as well as consider the longer-term implication on sustainable cities research and policy.
1. Introduction Mike Hodson and Simon Marvin 2. Disasters, Vulnerability and Resilience of Cities Brendan Gleeson 3. A Green New Deal: Why Green, How New, and What is the Deal? Timothy W. Luke 4. Carbon Regulation and Low-Carbon Urban Restructuring Aidan While 5. Urban Decoupling and Transitions Analysis Mike Hodson , Simon Marvin, Blake Robinson and Mark Swilling 6. Smart Urbanism: Cities, Grids and Alternatives? Andrés Luque, Simon Marvin and Colin McFarlane 7. Securitisation of Urban Environments: Sustainable Urbanism or Premium Ecological Enclaves? Mike Hodson and Simon Marvin 8. The Politics of Urban Experiments: Radical Change or Business as Usual? Andrew Karvonen, James Evans and Bas van Heur 9. Conclusion Mike Hodson and Simon Marvin References
Mike Hodson is Senior Research Fellow at the SURF Centre, Salford University, UK. Mike’s research interests focus on urban, regional and community transitions to low-carbon economies, the ways in which this may or may not happen and understandings of the lessons to be learned from such processes.
Simon Marvin is the Carillion Chair of Low Carbon Cities in the Department of Geography at Durham University. His research interests focus on the changing relations between cities, regions and infrastructure networks in a period of resource constraint, institutional restructuring and climate change.