Korean Workers and Neoliberal Globalization
By Kevin Gray
Routledge – 2008 – 208 pages
One of the most remarkable aspects of South Korea’s transition from impoverished post-colonial nation to fully-fledged industrialized democracy has been the growth of its independent and dynamic labour movement. Korean Workers and Neoliberal Globalisation examines current trends and transformations within the Korean labour movement since the 1990s.
It has been a common assumption that the ‘third wave’ of democratisation, the end of the Cold War, and the spread of neoliberal globalisation in the latter part of the 20th century have helped to create an environment in which organised labour is better placed to overcome bureaucratic national unionism and transform itself into a potential counter-globalisation movement. However, Kevin Gray argues that despite the apparent continued phenomena of labour militancy and the rhetoric of anti-neoliberalism, the mainstream independent labour movement in Korea has become increasingly institutionalised and bureaucratised into the new capitalist democracy. This process is demonstrated by the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions’ experience of participation in various forms of policy making forums. Gray suggests that as a result, the KCTU has failed to mount an effective challenge against processes of neoliberal restructuring and concomitant social polarisation.
The Korean experience provides an excellent case study for understanding the relationship between organised labour and globalisation. Korean Workers and Neoliberal Globalisation will appeal to students and scholars of Korean studies and International Political Economy, as well as Asian politics and economics.
'This is a welcome addition to the literature on worker's protest in that it is firmly grounded in the internal debates around strategy and tactics of the Korean labour movement.]…[The strength of Gray's book is the access he provides to internal labour movement publications and documents that are not readily available to non-Korean speakers.' - Jamie Doucette, University of British Columbia, 2010
1. Neoliberal Globalization, Labour, and Resistance 2. Globalization, Crisis and the Entrenchment of Neoliberalism in Korea 3. The Rise and Fall of Militant Labour Unionism in Korea 4. Social Movement Unionism and the Korean Labour Movement 5. Late-Democratization and Low Intensity Social Corporatism 6. Korean Labour and the Struggle against Neoliberalism 7. The Korean Confederation of Trade Unions’ Social Reform Struggle
Kevin Gray is RCUK Research Fellow in the Department of International Relations, University of Sussex.