Japanese Diplomacy in the 1950s
From Isolation to Integration
Edited by Makoto Iokibe, Caroline Rose, Junko Tomaru, John Weste
Routledge – 2008 – 240 pages
This book provides a detailed examination of Japan's diplomatic relations in the 1950s, an important decade in international affairs when new structures and systems emerged, and when Japan established patterns in its international relationships which continue today. It examines the process of Japan's attempts to rehabilitate itself and reintegrate into a changing world, and the degree of success to which Japan achieved its goals in the political, economic and security spheres. The book is divided into three parts, each containing three chapters: Part I looks at Japan in the eyes of the Anglo-American powers; Part II at Japanese efforts to gain membership of newly forming regional and international organizations; and Part III considers the role of domestic factors in Japanese foreign policy making. Important issues are considered including Japanese rearmament and the struggle to gain entry into the United Nations. In contrast to much of the academic literature on post-war Japanese diplomacy, generally presenting Japan as a passive actor of little relevance or importance, this book shows that Japan did not simply sit passively by, but formed and attempted to instigate its own visions into the evolving regional and global structures. It also shows that whilst Japan did not always figure as highly as its politicians and policy makers may have liked in the foreign policy considerations of other nation states, many countries and organizations did attach a great deal of importance to re-building relations with Japan throughout this period of re-adjustment and transformation.
Introduction Caroline Rose and Tomaru Junko Part 1: Japan: Anglo-American Rivalry and Indifference 1. The U.S., Britain, Japan and the Issue of Casus Belli 1951-52 Shibayama Futoshi 2. Great Britain and Japanese Rearmament, 1950-1960 John Weste 3. Japan in British Regional Policy towards South-East Asia, 1945-1960 Tomaru Junko Part 2: Japan’s Re-Emergence in Regional and International Organizations 4. Japan at the Bandung Conference Kweku Ampiah 5. Japan’s Entry into ECAFE Oba Mie 6. Japan’s Struggle for UN Membership, 1955 Kurusu Kaoru Part 3: Japanese and US Domestic Constraints on Foreign Policy 7. The Lucky Dragon Incident: A Failure of Crisis Management? John Swenson-Wright 8. The Revision of the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty and Okinawa Factional and Domestic Political Constraints on Japanese Diplomacy in the 1950s Robert Eldridge 9. Breaking the Deadlock: Japan’s Informal Diplomacy with China, 1958-59 Caroline Rose. Conclusion John Weste
Iokibe Makoto is President of the National Defense Academy and Emeritus Professor of Modern Japanese Political and Diplomatic History in the Graduate School of Law and Politics at Kobe University. He is one of Japan's leading specialists of Japanese foreign relations, particularly with the US. He is the author of several award-winning books, including The Occupation Era: Prime Ministers and the Rebuilding of Postwar Japan, 1945–1952 (Yomiuri Shinbunsha, 1997), and A Diplomatic History of Postwar Japan (Yuhikaku, 1999).
Caroline Rose is senior lecturer in Japanese Studies and currently head of the Department of East Asian Studies at the University of Leeds. She has published two monographs on Sino-Japanese relations and articles on Japanese history education, Chinese and Japanese nationalism, and Sino-Japanese relations in the East Asian context.
Tomaru Junko is Professor in the School of Political Science and Economics at Waseda University. Her publications include The Postwar Rapprochement of Malaya and Japan, 1945–61 (Macmillan, 2000, awarded the Masayoshi Ohira Memorial Prize in 2001).
John Weste held lectureships in Japanese Studies at the University of Durham (1995–2004) and Leeds (2004–06). He studied in Japan at the University of Tsukuba and obtained his PhD from Cambridge. His publications cover areas including post-war Japanese rearmament and Anglo-Japanese relations.