Making Imperial Manliness, Morality and Militarism
By J. A. Mangan
Routledge – 2012 – 464 pages
Routledge – 2012 – 464 pages
'Manufactured' Masculinity should be considered essential reading for scholars in the humanities and social sciences at every level and in all parts of the academic world. It weaves together brilliantly the elements of the 'manufacture' of masculinity in the period world-famous 'public' school system for the privileged which serviced the largest empire, the world has ever known, at the zenith of its control and which has had a significant influence in the formation of the modern world. This authoritative study of the making of British imperial masculinity shines light on the period of Muscular Christianity, Social Darwinism and Militarism as meshed ideological instruments of both power and persuasion.
This magisterial study reveals the extraordinary and paramount influence of games fields as the 'machine tools' in an 'industrial process' with the schools as 'workshops' containing 'cultural conveyor-belts' for the production of robust, committed and confident servants of empire, and templates for imperial reproduction in imperial possessions. Mainly on efficient 'production belt' playing fields of the privileged minds were moulded, attitudes were constructed and bodies shaped - for imperial manhood. Earlier 'manliness' was metamorphosized, morality was redefined and militarism at the high point of imperial grandeur was an adjunct. Professor Mangan outlines this unique process of cultural conditioning with a unique range of evidence and analysis.
This book was published as a special double issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.
James Anthony Mangan: An Appreciation Sheldon Rothblatt Preface: ‘Swansong’ J.A. Mangan Revolution 1. Prologue: Middle-Class ‘Revolutionaries’ in Pursuit of Moral, Physical, Political and Social Health and the History ofModern European Sport as a History of Modern European Ideas Metamorphosis 2. Bullies, Beatings, Battles and Bruises: ‘Great Days and Jolly Days’ at One Mid-Victorian Public School 3. Athleticism: A Case Study of the Evolution of an Educational Ideology 4. Social Darwinism and Upper-Class Education in Late Victorian and Edwardian England 5. From Hooligans to Heroes and from Ferocity to Fair Play: Some English Historical Origins of Modern World Sport 6. Philathlete Extraordinary: A Portrait of the Victorian Moralist Edward Bowen Adjunct 7. Duty unto Death: English Masculinity and Militarism in the Age of the New Imperialism 8. ‘Muscular, Militaristic and Manly’: The Middle-Class Hero as Moral Messenger 9. Moralists, Metaphysicians And Mythologists: The ‘Signifiers’ of a Victorian Sub-Culture 10. Games Field and Battlefield: A Romantic Alliance in Verse and the Creation of Militaristic Masculinity 11. ‘Golden Boys’ of Playing Field and Battlefield: Celebrating Heroes – ‘Lost’ Middle-Class Women Versifiers of the Great War Emulation 12. Imitating Their Betters and Disassociating from Their Inferiors: Grammar Schools and the Games Ethic in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries 13. Missionaries to the Scottish Middle Classes 14. Catalyst of Change: John Guthrie Kerr and the Adaptation of an Indigenous Scottish Tradition 15. Almond of Loretto: Scottish Educational Visionary and Reformer Dissemination 16. Images for Confident Control: Stereotypes in Imperial Discourse 17. Britain’s Chief Spiritual Export: Imperial Sport as Moral Metaphor, Political Symbol and Cultural Bond 18. ‘The Grit of Our Forefathers’: Invented Traditions, Propaganda and Imperialism 19. Ethics and Ethnocentricity in British Tropical Africa 20. Noble Specimens of Manhood: Schoolboy Literature and the Creation of a Colonial Chivalric Code 21. Soccer as Moral Training: Missionary Intentions and Imperial Legacies 22. Epilogue: Aggression and Androgyny: Gender Fusion In and Beyond Sport in the Post-Millennium
J.A. Mangan, Emeritus Professor of Strathclyde University, is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, author of the internationally acclaimed Athleticism in the Victorian and Edwardian Public School (CUP) and The Games Ethic and Imperialism (Penguin/Viking), a Founding Editor of the International Journal of the History of Sport, other journals including Sport in Society and the series Sport in the Global Society. He has lectured worldwide and held fellowships (or their equivalent) in America (Berkeley), Africa, Australasia and England (Oxford and Cambridge). 'Manufactured' Masculinity has attracted exceptional acclaim in America, Africa, Asia, Australasia and Europe.