Praise, Motivation and the Child
By Gill Robins
Routledge – 2012 – 168 pages
Anyone who spends time with children knows that praise works. It is a powerful motivator - praising children for good behaviour or good work builds self- esteem and self-confidence. Children love to collect stickers, certificates and rewards – so what better way is there to shape behaviour, encourage good work habits and produce confident learners? Teachers and parents alike know that praise is effective – we use it every day and we see the positive effect that it has on our children.
However, constructivist practitioners would argue that praise in any form creates hierarchies and competition in the classroom, has little effect on genuine learning and is invasively judgemental rather than supportive. Constructivists would further argue that self-esteem cannot be built by external agency – teachers and parents can only create an appropriate environment in which a robust sense of ‘self’ can grow and develop.
This book challenges traditional, embedded thinking about the role of praise. It questions the assumptions we make about developing self-esteem, about the ability of children to form their own independent judgements and the choices that children make regardless, rather than because of, contingent praise.
What happens when children are praised? Read this book, listen to what children really think and challenge your own assumptions.
This book is aimed at practising and training Primary school teachers. It would also be suitable for NQTs who are starting to shape their own practice, experienced teachers who want to develop and question their own practice and students on BA Hons and PGCE courses.
Acknowledgements; Introduction; 1: What’s wrong with these pictures?; 2: The emergence of educational theory; 3: Behaviourism - the perspective; 4: Behaviourism contextualised: translating theory into practice; 5: Constructivism – the perspective; 6: Constructivism contextualised: translating theory into practice; 7: Praise, motivation and positive psychology; 8: Praise – help or harm?; 9: Praise - what do young children think?; 10: Praise - discerning intention and defining value11: Praise - privacy and preference; 12: Praise and motivation in a cultural context13: Creating a culture of compliance; 14: Creating resolute and resilient learners; 15: Protocol and pedagogy; Appendices; Bibliography; Index
Gill Robins is the former Deputy Head of a Hampshire school. She received the John Downing Award in 2010. Until 2011 she chaired the English Association Editorial Board for the English 4-11 journal.