Cities of the Global South Reader
Edited by Faranak Miraftab, Neema Kudva
Routledge – 2014 – 340 pages
Series: Routledge Urban Reader Series
The Cities of the Global South Reader adopts a fresh and critical approach to the fi eld of urbanization in the developing world. The Reader incorporates both early and emerging debates about the diverse trajectories of urbanization processes in the context of the restructured global alignments in the last three decades. Emphasizing the historical legacies of colonialism, the Reader recognizes the entanglement of conditions and concepts often understood in binary relations: first/third worlds, wealth/poverty, development/underdevelopment, and inclusion/exclusion. By asking: “whose city? whose development?” the Reader rigorously highlights the fractures along lines of class, race, gender, and other socially and spatially constructed hierarchies in global South cities. The Reader’s thematic structure, where editorial introductions accompany selected texts, examines the issues and concerns that urban dwellers, planners, and policy makers face in the contemporary world. These include the urban economy, housing, basic services, infrastructure, the role of non-state civil society-based actors, planned interventions and contestations, the role of diaspora capital, the looming problem of adapting to climate change, and the increasing spectre of violence in a post 9/11 transnational world.
The Cities of the Global South Reader pulls together a diverse set of readings from scholars across the world, some of which have been written specially for the volume, to provide an essential resource for a broad interdisciplinary readership at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in urban geography, urban sociology, and urban planning as well as disciplines related to international and development studies. Editorial commentaries that introduce the central issues for each theme summarize the state of the field and outline an associated bibliography. They will be of particular value for lecturers, students, and researchers, making the Cities of the Global South Reader a key text for those interested in understanding contemporary urbanization processes.
Part I: The City Experienced
1. Introducing Urban Lives
1a. "Urban Lives:(Self) Portraits from a Labyrinth". Ali Madanipour.
Part II: Making the "Third World" City
2. Historical Underpinnings
2a. "Colonialism and Urban Development". Anthony D. King.
2b. "Cities Inter Linked". Doreen Massey.
3. Development and Urbanization
3a. "Development and the City". Michael Goldman.
3b. "World Cities or a World of Ordinary Cities?" Jennifer Robinson.
Part III: The City Lived
4. Migratory Fields
4a. "Township Politics". Mzwanele Mayekiso.
4b. "The Urbanity of Movement: Dynamic Frontiers in Contemporary Africa" Abdoumaliq Simone.
4c. "Migration and Privatization Of Space And Power In Late Socialist China" Li Zhang.
5. Urban Economy
5a. "Working in the Streets of Cali, Colombia: Survival Strategy, Necessity, or Unavoidable Evil?" Ray Bromley.
5b. "Anchoring Transnational Flows: Hypermodern Spaces in the Global South" Sudeshna Mitra.
6a. "International Policy for Urban Housing Markets in the Global South since 1945." Richard Harris.
6b. "Women and Self-help Housing Projects" Caroline. O. N Moser.
6c. "The Suburbanization of Jakarta: A Concurrence of Economics and Ideology Michael Leaf.
Part IV: The City Environment
7. Basic Urban Services
7a. "Environmental Problems of Third World Cities: A Global Issue Ignored. J. Hardoy and D. Satterthwaite.
7b. "Formalizing the Informal? The Transformation of Cairo's Refuse Collection System." Ragui Assaad.
7c. "Victims, Villains and Fixers: The Urban Environment and Johannesburg’s Poor." Jo Beall, Owen Crankshaw and Susan Parnell.
8. Urban Infrastructure
8a. "Urban Transport Policy As If People and the Environment Mattered: Pedestrian Accessibility the First Step." Madhav Badami.
8b. "Kinshasa and Its (Im)material Infrastructure" Marie-Francoise Plissart And Filip De Boeck.
8c. "‘Going South’ with the Starchitects: Urbanist Ideology in the Emirati City" AhmedKanna.
9. Cities at Risk
9a. "Reverberations: Mexico City’s 1985 Earthquake and the Transformation of the Capital" Diane Davis.
9b. "Disruption by Design: Urban Infrastructure and Political Violence" Stephen Graham.
9c. "Between Violence and Desire: Space, Power, and Identity in the Making of Metropolitan Delhi." AmitaBaviskar.
9d. "Climate Dangers and Atoll Countries" Jon Barnett and Neil Adger.
Part V: Planned Interventions and Contestations
10a. "New Spaces New Contests: Appropriating Decentralization for Political Change in Bolivia" Ben Kohl and Linda Farthing.
10b. "Deep Democracy: Urban Governmentality and the Horizon of Politics." Arjun Appadurai.
10c. "Sovereignty: Crisis, Humanitarianism and the Conditions of 21st Century Sovereignty" Michael Mascarenhas.
11a. "The Citizens of Porto Alegre" Gianpaolo Baiocchi.
11b. "Whose Voices? Whose choices? Reflections on Gender and Participatory Development" Andrea Cornwall.
12. Urban Citizenship
12a. "Squatters and the State: The Dialectics between Social Integration and Social Change (Case Studies in Lima, Mexico, and Santiago de Chile)" Manuel Castells.
12b. "Global Mobility, Shifting Borders and Urban Citizenship" Michael Peter Smith and Luis Eduardo Guarnizo.
12c. "Cyberactivism and Citizen Mobilization in the Streets of Cairo" Sahar Khamis and Katherine Vaughn.
13. Transferring Knowledge and Policy
13a. "Why India Cannot Plan Its Cities: Informality, Insurgence and the Idiom of Urbanization." Ananya Roy.
13b. "International Best Practice, Enabling Frameworks and the Policy Process: a South African Case Study." Richard Tomlinson.
Faranak Miraftab is Professor in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, where she teaches on globalization and transnational planning and coordinates the department’s international programs and activities for its undergraduate and graduate degree programs. Miraftab’s research concerns the global and local contingencies involved in the formation of the city and citizens’ struggle to access urban space and socio economic-resources.
Neema Kudva is Associate Professor in the Department of City and Regional Planning at Cornell University. She directs the International Studies in Planning Program (ISP) and is faculty lead of the Nilgiris Field Learning Center, a collaborative interdisciplinary project of Cornell University and the Keystone Foundation, India. Kudva’s research is in two areas: the institutional structures that undergird planning and development at the local level, and contemporary urbanization, particularly issues related to small cities and their regions.