Rural Wage Employment in Developing Countries
Theory, Evidence and Policy
Edited by Carlos Oya, Nicola Pontara
Routledge – 2013 – 256 pages
Poverty is still a serious global phenomenon, and remains concentrated in rural areas of developing countries. Much literature has been devoted to understanding the lives and prospects for small poor producers (smallholder farmers) and micro-entrepreneurs, but much less is known and written about those who lie at the bottom of the production chains as rural wage labourers. This book argues that the significance of those who totally or partially depend on rural wages for their survival is much greater than usually acknowledged, both in terms of their quantitative importance, but also, qualitatively for an understanding of rural poverty.
The volume brings together field-based empirical evidence from across Asia, Latin America, and Sub-Saharan Africa. Themes explored include the heterogeneity of the rural population working for wages; the relationship between the expansion of rural wage employment and other processes of social change and development; and the social and economic barriers to entry in rural labour markets. These elements are discussed in light of their policy implications, and the book ends with a progressive policy agenda to reduce poverty among rural wage workers.
Part I: Overview 1. Rural Labour Markets and Poverty: History, linkages and questions Carlos Oya and Nicola Pontara 2. The Problem with the Evidence: What’s missing? Why missing? Carlos Oya PART II: Case Studies 3. Mozambique Chris Cramer, Carlos Oya and John Sender 4. Senegal, Gambia and Mauritania Carlos Oya 5. South Africa Nicolas Pons-Vignon 6. Farm Migrant Labour in Southern Africa Deborah Johnston 7. Tanzania Bernd Mueller 8. Rwanda and Ethiopia Matteo Rizzo and Nicolas Petit 9. India Praveen Jha 10. Vietnam Jonathan Pincus and John Sender 11. China Forrest Zhang 12. Brazil Ben Selwyn 13. Argentina and Colombia Sutti Ortiz 14. Costa Rican and Nicaraguan Migrant Workers Sang Lee PART III: Policies for Employment-focused Rural Poverty Reduction 15. A Progressive Agenda for Rural Wage Workers in Developing Countries Carlos Oya and Nicola Pontara
Carlos Oya is Senior Lecturer in the Political Economy of Development at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, UK.
Nicola Pontara is at the World Bank, USA.