China, the West and the Myth of New Public Management
Neoliberalism and its Discontents
By Paolo Urio
Routledge – 2012 – 316 pages
In the West, innovations in new public management (NPM) have been regarded as part of the neoliberal project, whilst in China, these reforms have emerged from a very different economic and social landscape. Despite these differences however, similar measures to those introduced in the West have been adopted by the Chinese state, which has largely abandoned the planned economy and adopted market mechanisms in the pursuit of improved economic efficiency and growth.
Evaluating the results of these reforms in both China and the West between 1978 and 2011, this book shows that despite substantial improvements in economic efficiency in both cases under consideration, there have been considerable negative impacts on the distribution of wealth, access to public services, levels of poverty, public health, and the incidence of crime. Further, this book explores the different results of NPM in China and the West and the conclusions Paolo Urio draws have timely significance, as he suggests that China has been able to change its policies more rapidly and thus more effectively respond to the challenges posed by the current economic crisis.
Drawing on both Western and Chinese sources, this innovative book compares the consequences of their public management reforms, taking into account the impact on both the economy and society. As such, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars working in the fields of Chinese studies, Asian studies, business, economics, strategic public management and comparative studies in capitalism and socialism.
Introduction Part 1: Analysing Public Management in China and in the West 1. From Public Administration to New Public Management: An Intellectual Journey 2. Comparing New Public Management in China and in the West: Some Theoretical and Methodological Problems Part 2: The Rise of New Public Management in China and in the West 3. The Foundations of the Western Experiment: Neoliberalism, New Public Management and the Washington Consensus 4. The Foundation of Chinese New Public Management: Deng’s Reforms, or the Demise of Planned Economy and the Introduction of Market Mechanisms Part 3: The Crisis of New Public Management in the West and in China 5. The Western Experiment: Some Positive Economic Achievements, many Societal Problems 6. The Chinese Experiment: Many Success Stories, Considerable Disparities and Environmental Damages, but also an Astonishing Capacity for Reversing Past Policies. Conclusion. Chinese Way, Western Way, the 2008-11 Crisis and Beyond
Paolo Urio is Professor Emeritus at the Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, University of Geneva, Switzerland. Professor Urio has undertaken research on China’s reforms since 1997 and has published Reconciling State, Market and Society in China (Routledge 2010) on the subject. Between 1998 and 2003 he organized and directed a programme that trained in public management more than 400 senior Chinese civil servants and senior Party cadres.