Transnational Television History
A Comparative Approach
Edited by Andreas Fickers, Catherine Johnson
Published February 1st 2012 by Routledge – 176 pages
Although television has developed into a major agent of the transnational and global flow of information and entertainment, television historiography and scholarship largely remains a national endeavour, partly due to the fact that television has been understood as a tool for the creation of national identity. But the breaking of the quasi-monopoly of public service broadcasters all over Europe in the 1980s has changed the television landscape, and cross-border television channels - with the help of satellite and the Internet - have catapulted the relatively closed television nations into the universe of globalized media channels.
At least, this is the picture painted by the popular meta-narratives of European television history. Transnational Television History asks us to re-evaluate the function of television as a medium of nation-building in its formative years and to reassess the historical narrative that insists that European television only became transnational with the emergence of more commercial services and new technologies from the 1980s. It also questions some common assumptions in television historiography by offering some alternative perspectives on the complex processes of transnational circulation of television technology, professionals, programmes and aesthetics.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Media History.
Introduction Andreas Fickers and Catherine Johnson Section 1: Retracing paths and places of transnational circulation 1. Transnationality in Dutch (Pre) Television: The central role of Erik de Vries Sonja de Leeuw 2. The ‘North Atlantic Triangle’: Britain, the USA and Canada in 1950s television Michele Hilmes 3. Transatlantic Spaces: Production, location and style in 1960s–1970s action-adventure TV series Jonathan Bignell 4. Creating Transnationality Through an International Organization?: The European Broadcasting Union's (EBU) television programme activities Christian Henrich-Franke 5. European Crimeatches: A comparative perspective on Aktenzeichen XY's transnational circulation Eggo Müller 6. Eventing Europe: The transnational emergence of a European television landscape in the 1950s Andreas Fickers 7. Re-placed Communities: Crossover as a transnational practice of television in Cold War Eastern Europe Dana Mustata 8.Video Active and the challenges of developing online access to compare European television programmes from the archive Rob Turnock Section 2: Localizing the Transnational in Regional Television History 9. Perspectives on Localizing the Transnational in Regional Television History / Introduction Catherine Johnson and Andreas Fickers 10. France 3, a state institution: the French model of regional television Benoît Lafon 11. Regional television in Germany Edgar Lersch 12. Regional television in Spain: the Andalusian case Juan Francisco Gutiérrez Lozano 13. From multicultural programming to diasporic television: situating the UK in a European context Sarita Malik
Andreas Fickers is Associate Professor of Comparative Media History at Maastricht University, The Netherlands. He is specialised in the cultural history of communication technologies. He is co-editor of A European Television History (2008) and Materializing Europe: Transnational Infrastructures and the Project of Europe (2010).
Catherine Johnson lectures in the Department of Culture, Film and Media at the University of Nottingham, UK. Her research examines the Western television industries and the impact of industrial shifts on the cultural artefacts they produce. She is the author of Telefantasy (2005) and co-editor of ITV Cultures (2005).