Rural Adaptation in Russia
Edited by Stephen K. Wegren
Routledge – 2004 – 248 pages
The current dominant approach to Russian peasant behaviour emphasizes rural resistance to reform in broad terms, and to the introduction of market forces in particular. Bringing together some of the finest scholars on rural Russia, this groundbreaking volume examines this perception with an analysis of both historical and contemporary patterns of rural adaptation in Russia.
Four articles included analyze peasant responses in the post-Soviet era, and focus on:
* the relationship between poverty and rural adaptation
* the social origins of private farmers in southern Russia and Ukraine
* response patterns by large farms (formerly collective and state farms)
* household adaptation using a standardized set of criteria.
This fascinating book gives an illuminating picture of the ways in which peasants respond to new environmental conditions and stimuli created by reform. The substantive material included draws on fieldwork and survey data collected from rural Russia, from the Stolypin reforms in the pre-Soviet era, and collectivisation of agriculture during the 1930s in the Soviet era.
This book was previously as a special issue of The Journal of Peasant Studies.
'This useful book will be valuable for all those concerned with agricultural reforms, transition economies, the reaction of the rural population to policies announced in the capital, and developments in Russia and Ukraine in the post-soviet period. It also demonstrates the importance of fieldwork in studying what is actually happening in post-soviet agriculture and rural society.' - Slavonic and East European Review
1. From Communism to Capitalism: Agrarian relations in twentieth century Russia and beyond 2. Reflections on Rural Adaptation at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century: The Stolypin reforms 3. Soviet Peasants and Collectivization, 1930-1939: Resistance and adaptation 4. Poverty and Adaptation in Rural Russia 5. Land Reform and the Social Origins of Private Farmers in Russia and Ukraine 6. Restructuring Postponed? Large Russian farm enterprises 'coping with the market' 7. Household Responses, Regional Diversity, and Contemporary Agrarian Reform in Russia