Theoretical Perspectives on Human Rights and Literature
Routledge – 2011 – 302 pages
Routledge – 2011 – 302 pages
What can literary theory reveal about discourses and practices of human rights, and how can human rights frameworks help to make sense of literature? How have human rights concerns shaped the literary marketplace, and how can literature impact human rights concerns? Essays in this volume theorize how both literature and reading literarily can shape understanding of human rights in productive ways. Contributors to Theoretical Perspectives on Human Rights and Literature provide a shared history of modern literature and rights; theorize how trauma, ethics, subjectivity, and witnessing shape representations of human rights violations and claims in literary texts across a range of genres (including poetry, the novel, graphic narrative, short story, testimonial, and religious fables); and consider a range of civil, political, social, economic, and cultural rights and their representations. The authors reflect on the imperial and colonial histories of human rights as well as the cynical mobilization of human rights discourses in the name of war, violence, and repression; at the same time, they take seriously Gayatri Spivak’s exhortation that human rights is something that we "cannot not want," exploring the central function of storytelling at the heart of all human rights claims, discourses, and policies.
"The range of voices represented in the book is remarkable…Theoretical Perspectives on Human Rights and Literature promises to be an important contribution not only because it effectively described the burgeoning subfield of literature and human rights, but also because its theoretical interventions help to consolidate and advance that subfield." – James Dawes, Macalester College, Comparative Literature
"A book that reads more like a collective intellectual project than a collection of essays, this volume testifies to the genuine power of a literary turn in thinking about human rights. By turns critical, engaged, historical, and richly theoretical, it is throughout intensely involved with language and with reading, and demonstrates the difference that a careful attention to texts can make -- not only for our understanding, which is more than enough, but also for the pursuit of justice itself." – Thomas Keenan, Associate Professor of Comparative Literature & Director, Human Rights Project, Bard College
"These important essays lay out a political direction and an intellectual project for contemporary literary studies." – Homi K. Bhabha, Anne F. Rothenberg Professor of the Humanities, Harvard University
"This collection marks a timely and valuable contribution to the study of the intersections of human rights law, literature, and culture. In etching out a human rights oriented literary and cultural criticism, contributors reveal the prominence of literary forms in normative reasoning and rights treaties, and provide a rich and productive analysis of the human rights paradox of universality and its complicity with global power, and the ethical challenges posed by representations that converge on atrocity and violence as narrative destinations." – Wendy S. Hesford, Author of "Spectacular Rhetorics: Human Rights Visions, Recognitions, Feminisms"
Contents Foreword, Joseph R. Slaughter Acknowledgments Introduction Human Rights and Literature: The Development of an Interdiscipline, Elizabeth Swanson Goldberg and Alexandra Schultheis Moore I. Histories, Imaginaries, and Paradoxes of Literature and Human Rights 1: "Literature," the "Rights of Man," and Narratives of Atrocity: Historical Backgrounds to the Culture of Testimony, Julie Stone Peters 2: Enabling Fictions and Novel Subjects: The Bildungsroman and International Human Rights Law, Joseph R. Slaughter 3: Top Down, Bottom Up, Horizontally: Resignifying the Universal in Human Rights Discourse, Domna C. Stanton 4: Literature, the Social Imaginary and Human Rights, Meili Steele 5: Intimations of What Was to Come: Edwidge Danticat’s The Farming of Bones and the Indivisibility of Human Rights, Elizabeth Swanson Goldberg 6: Paradoxes of Neoliberalism and Human Rights, Greg Mullins II. Questions of Narration, Representation, and Evidence 7: Reading the Living Archives: The Witness of Literary Art, Carolyn Forché 8: Narrating Human Rights and the Limits of Magical Realism in Salman Rushdie’s Shalimar the Clown, Elizabeth S. Anker 9: Complicities of Transnational Witnessing in Joe Sacco’s Palestine, Wendy Kozol 10: Dark Chamber, Colonial Scene: Post-9/11 Torture and Representation, Stephanie Athey III. Rethinking the 'Subject’ of Human Rights 11: Human Rights as Violence and Enigma: Can Literature Really Be of Any Help with the Politics of Human Rights?, Nick Mansfield 12: Imagining Women as Human, Hephzibah Roskelly 13: "Disaster Capitalism" and Human Rights: Indra Embodiment and Subalternity in Indra Sinha’s Animal’s People, Alexandra Schultheis Moore 14: Do Human Rights Need a Self? Buddhist Literature and the Samsaric Subject, Gregory Price Grieve IV. Epilogue Elizabeth Swanson Goldberg and Alexandra Schultheis Moore
Elizabeth Swanson Goldberg is an associate professor of English at Babson College, where she teaches courses in international literatures and human rights. She is author of Beyond Terror: Gender, Narrative and Human Rights (2007) as well as articles in books and in journals such as Callaloo, South Atlantic Review, and Peace Review.
Alexandra Schultheis Moore is associate professor of English at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. She is the author of Regenerative Fictions: Postcolonialism, Psychoanalysis, and the Nation as Family (2004) as well as essays in edited collections and journals including Contemporary Literature, South Asian Review, Peace Review, and Genders.