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Outsiders in the Greek Cities in the Fourth Century BC (Routledge Revivals)

By Paul Mckechnie

Routledge – 1989 – 232 pages

Series: Routledge Revivals

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  • Add to CartHardback: $145.00
    978-0-415-74057-9
    November 6th 2013

Description

During the fourth century BC the number of Greeks who did not live as citizens in the city-states of southern mainland Greece increased considerably: mercenaries, pirates, itinerant artisans and traders, their origins differed widely. It has been argued that this increase was caused by the destruction of many Greek cities in the wars of the fourth century, accompanied by the large programme of settlement begun by Alexander in the East and Timoleon in the West. Although this was an important factor, argues Dr McKechnie, more crucial was an ideological deterioration of loyalties to the city: the polis was no longer absolutely normative in the fourth century and Hellenistic periods.

With so many outsiders with specialist skills, Alexander and his successors were able to recruit the armies and colonists needed to conquer and maintain empires many times larger than any single polis had ever controlled.

Contents

Preface; List of Abbreviations; 1. Introduction 2. Outsiders and exiles: establishment perceptions 3. Cities founded or destroyed in the fourth century 4. Mercenary soldiers and life outside the cities 5. Leistai 6. Mobile skilled workers 7. Traders 8. The kings’ friends; Bibliography; Index

Name: Outsiders in the Greek Cities in the Fourth Century BC (Routledge Revivals) (Hardback)Routledge 
Description: By Paul Mckechnie. During the fourth century BC the number of Greeks who did not live as citizens in the city-states of southern mainland Greece increased considerably: mercenaries, pirates, itinerant artisans and traders, their origins differed widely. It has been argued...
Categories: Greek History & Culture, Social & Cultural History, Urban History