Communication, Public Discourse, and Road Safety Campaigns
Persuading People to Be Safer
Routledge – 2014
This book discusses the use of communication campaigns to promote road safety, arguing that they need to elicit public discourse on issues pertaining to culture, equity, gender, workplace norms, environmental issues, and social solidarity. Increasingly, new media channels and formats are employed in the dissemination process, making road safety-related messages ubiquitous, and often controversial. Policy makers, educators, researchers, and the public continue to debate the utility and morality of some of the influence tactics employed in these messages, such as the use of graphic images of injury or death, stigmatization (or "blame and shame"), and the use of "black humor." Guttman argues that influencing road safety requires making changes in normative and cultural conceptions of broader issues in society, yet the typical discourse on road safety tends to focus on individual attitudes and practices. The book regards the importance of theory in communication campaigns on road safety, and critiques that fact that they tend to focus on individual cognition, affect, and behavior rather than on structural and cultural factors. The volume positions the discourse on road safety as a social issue, and treats road safety behavior as a social activity that directly relates to other public issues, social values, and social policy, discussing potential uses of social media and participatory approaches. The discussion turns to the role of road safety communication campaigns as part of a democratic process of eliciting public discourse, including how contemporary society could address broader issues of risk and safety.
Introduction 1. The Social Context of Road Safety Communication Campaigns 2. News, Entertainment Media, and Early Road Safety Communication Campaigns: From Silent Movie Car Chases to ‘Crash Dummies’ 3. Emphasis on the Cognitive: Appealing to Reason and Using Science, Logic, and Analogies to Persuade People 4. Hard-Hitting Images of Injury, Death, and the Grief of Bereavement 5. Enlisting the Power of Deterrence: The Threat of Legal Enforcement and Penalties 6. Reluctant Heroes and Guardian Angels: Responsibility, Accountability, and Social Norms in Road Safety Campaigns 7. Making it Easier to Promote and Adopt Road Safety Practices: Social Marketing Strategies and Ambient and Digital Venues 8. Beyond Scaring and Admonishing: Propositions and Challenges for Theoretically-Grounded and Culture-Centered Road Safety Communication Campaigns
Nurit Guttman is the chair of the Department of Communication and head of the Herzog Institute for Media, Politics and Society at Tel Aviv University, Israel.