Politics of Eugenics
Productionism, Population, and National Welfare
Routledge – 2013 – 224 pages
Series: Extremism and Democracy
This book analyzes whether the "new debate on genetics" owes a debt to eugenic practices by welfare democracies of 1930s and 1940s. More specifically, the question is whether precisely the same "eugenic rationale" used in the 1930s is philosophical akin to a new rationality unfolding in some Western European welfare societies that find themselves trapped in the modern dilemma of choosing between increasing immigration and population growth that leads to economic prosperity on the one hand, or halting immigration, protecting national identity, and suffering economic stagnation on the other.
By analyzing, policies of integration and assisted reproduction technology (ART) in Northern European nation states such as Sweden, Finland, Denmark as well as in Israel, we find a historical continuity between "old eugenics" and current reproductive and family planning subsides and integration policies. By focusing on the concept of welfare productionism, we trace a continuing rationale between the eugenic policies of the past and current investments of ART. These programs, are rationalized as universal programs for the whole of the population. However, in this book the authors suggest that they served the goal of reproducing a productivist, national middle class which are enticed to reproduce.
This work will be of great interest to students and scholars of racism, extremism, European politics, population politics, and the social impact of science and technology.
1. Introduction 2. The Fabians, Productive Socialism, and Eugenics 3. From "Race Hygiene" to "National-Productivist" Hygiene 4. The Bioethical Turn to Biopolitics: The emergence of bio-nationalism 5. The Bio-Regulation Return of Eugenics for a New Century of Massive Immigration and Multiculturalism 6. European Countries and Eugenic Productivism Gospel – The path to Pronatalist-based Population Policy Convergence
Alberto Spektorowski is a Senior Lecturer in Political Science at Tel Aviv University, Israel.
Liza Ireni-Saban is an Assistant Professor in the Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy at the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya, Israel.