Metatheory for the 21st Century
Critical Realism and Integral Theory in Dialogue
Edited by Roy Bhaskar, Sean Esbjörn-Hargens, Nicholas Hedlund-de Witt
Routledge – 2014
Routledge – 2014
In the fall of 2011, Integral Institute and the Integral Research Center hosted the Critical Realism & Integral Theory Symposium at John F. Kennedy University, in the San Francisco Bay Area. The event was dreamed up by Roy Bhaskar and Sean Esbjörn-Hargens, was envisaged with the intention of bring together scholars associated with each approach to explore the points of connection and divergence between Critical Realism and the philosophy of meta-Reality on the one hand, and Integral Theory on the other.
The symposium has catalyzed the re-visioning of Integral Theory in important ways that seem to be fashioning a whole new evolutionary trajectory for the field, and Critical Realism has been impacted as well. There have already been a variety of meaningful collaborative outcomes and engagements between the members of the symposium from both communities, and the momentum is only building.
In short, exciting things are happening and momentum is building as Critical Realism and Integral Theory continue to interface and impact each other in ways that are accelerating the theoretical development and application of both. This volume will highlight the ways in which the planet’s two most sophisticated metatheories are joining forces to transform scholarship and address the most pressing global challenges of the 21st- century—from climate change to the global economic crisis to terrorism and emergent geo-political relations.
Introduction (Roy Bhaskar, Sean Esbjörn-Hargens, Nicholas Hedlund-de Witt) On the role of, and urgent need for, metatheory in the 21st century. Discussing the history of the relationship between Critical Realism and Integral Theory and the unique/historic dialogues that have transformed both approaches. Articulating a vision for the future of the Critical Realism-Integral Theory alliance—and for the evolution of metatheoretical research and applications in a 21st-century planetary context. 1. Roy Bhaskar Reflections on Integral Theory and the ways that its dialogical interaction with Critical Realism has been generative. 2. Sean Esbjörn-Hargens Highlighting Critical Realism's contribution to the theoretical advancement of and re-definition of Integral Theory, as well as the emergence of a MetaIntegral approach and global initiatives. 3. Paul Marshall The Meeting of Two Integrative Metatheories” published in the Journal of Critical Realism (if possible to re-publish). An overview of the resonance, common ground, and complementarities between Critical Realism and Integral Theory. 4. Michael Schwartz “Integral Theory Gets Real” (in process). An exploration of the role of ontology in Integral Theory and Critical Realism’s crucial contributions. 5. Nicholas Hedlund-de Witt “On the Emergence of Critical Realist Integral Theory: Ontological and Epistemic Considerations for Integral Metatheory” (adapted from Dancing with Sophia chapter) 6. Paul Marshall An in-depth exploration and comparative analysis of the philosophical foundations of Critical Realism and Integral Theory (currently in process). 7. Zak Stein On the dignity of the neo-Kantian and neo-Piagetian (developmental-structuralism) tradition—a response to Critical Realist critiques. 8. Mervyn Hartwig Comparative analysis of Critical Realism and Integral Theory's respective critiques of the philosophical discourse of modernity and postmodernity. 9. Mark Edwards, Lauren Tenney, Bonnita Roy or Markus Moltz An external scientific metatheoretical analysis of the two approaches, their lens, and the potential for mutual enhancement. Applied: (how CR and IT can join forces in some form to address applications, particularly for addressing the most complex, urgent challenges of the 21st-century) 10. Hans Despain & Kevin Bowman Applying Critical Realism and Integral Theory in tandem to shed light on the financial/global economic crisis and potential pathways toward emancipation. 11. Karen O'Brien On addressing climate change and transformation 12. Gary Hampson On transformative education, with case study of his “Re-Visioning Higher Education and Community” project in the Czech Republic. 13. Leigh Price & Nicholas Hedlund-de Witt On research methods and methodological pluralism. 14. Rodger Walsh On Wisdom/Spirituality in Integral Theory and Critical Realism/meta-Reality. 15. Neil Hockey & Gail Hochachka On international development. 16. Michael Zimmerman On Critical Realism’s contributions to Integral Ecology Afterword (A dialogue between Ken Wilber and Roy Bhaskar)