Science and Democracy
Making Knowledge and Making Power in the Biosciences and Beyond
Edited by Stephen Hilgartner, Clark Miller, Rob Hagendijk
Routledge – 2015 – 288 pages
Series: Genetics and Society
In the life sciences and beyond, new developments in science and technology and the creation of new social orders go hand in hand. In short, science and society are simultaneously and reciprocally coproduced and changed. Scientific research not only produces new knowledge and technological systems but also constitutes new forms of expertise and contributes to the emergence of new modes of living, at times empowering and at times disempowering citizens. These dynamic processes are tightly connected to significant redistributions of wealth and power, and they sometimes threaten and sometimes enhance democracy. Understanding this phenomenon poses important intellectual and normative challenges: neither traditional social sciences nor prevailing modes of democratic governance have fully grappled with the deep and growing significance of knowledge-making in twenty-first century politics.
Building on new work in science and technology studies (STS), this book advances the systematic analysis of the coproduction of knowledge and power in contemporary societies. Using case studies in the new life sciences, supplemented with cases on informatics and other topics such as climate science, this book presents a theoretical framing of coproduction processes while also providing detailed empirical analyses and nuanced comparative work.
It will be interesting for students of sociology, science and technology studies, the history of science, genetics, political science and public administration.
Part 1: Introduction by Stephen Hilgartner, Clark A. Miller and Rob Hagendijk Part 2: Citizens, Publics, and Identities 1. Civic Epistemologies: Public Knowledge and the Possibility of Democracy by Clark A. Miller 2. Patents and Public Disengagement by Stephen Hilgartner 3. The Making of New Forms of Publics in the Health Domain: The Internet as Place of Co-production of Citizen-Patients and Medical Knowledge by Ulrike Felt Part 3: New Technologies, New Forms of Governance 4. Governing Emerging Technologies by Pierre-Benoit Joly 5. Innovation Regimes and World Order: The Paradoxical Governance of Risks, Intellectual Property, and Ethics by Daniel Barben 6. To Bind or Not to Bind? The Evolution of Regulatory Strategies for Emerging Technologies in the European Union by Mariachiara Tallacchini Part 4: Institutional Reconfigurations 7. Understanding the Role of Expertise Barriers in Policy Debate: Comparing the Politics of Stem Cell Patents in the United States and Europe by Shobita Parthasarathy 8. Varieties of Legitimacy at the World Trade Organization by Arthur Daemmrich 9. Science, the Endless Contract: Making Universities and their Scientists in the Courts by David Winickoff 10. Property Rights, or Property versus Rights? Questions in the Constitution of Contemporary Indian Biomedicine by Kaushik Sunder Rajan 11. Scientific Accountability and Democracy in Global Environmental Policy by Silke Beck and Tim Forsyth Part 5: Reflections and Consequences 12. Sense and Sensibility: Analyzing Science, Democracy and Global Change by Rob Hagendijk 13. Normativity in Studies of Science & Democracy by Brian Wynne. Conclusion by Stephen Hilgartner, Clark A. Miller and Rob Hagendijk