The New Enclosures: Critical Perspectives on Corporate Land Deals
Edited by Ben White, Saturnino M. Borras Jr., Ruth Hall, Ian Scoones, Wendy Wolford
Routledge – 2013 – 500 pages
Series: Critical Agrarian Studies
This collection explores the complex dynamics of corporate land deals from a broad agrarian political economy perspective, with a special focus on the implications for property and labour regimes, labour processes and structures of accumulation. This involves looking at ways in which existing patterns of rural social differentiation – in terms of class, gender, ethnicity and generation – are being shaped by changes in land use and property relations, as well as by the re-organization of production and exchange as rural communities and resources are incorporated into global commodity chains. It goes further than the descriptive ‘what’ and ‘who’ questions, in order to understand the ‘how’ and ‘why’ of these patterns. It is empirically solid and theoretically sophisticated, making it a robust and boundary-changing work. Contributors come from various scholarly disciplines. Covering nearly all regions of the world, the collection will be of interest to researchers from various disciplines, policymakers and activists.
This book was originally published as a Special Issue of the Journal of Peasant Studies.
1. The new enclosures: critical perspectives on corporate land deals 2. The international political economy of the global land rush: A critical appraisal of trends, scale, geography and drivers 3. The land grab and corporate food regime restructuring
4. Situating private equity capital in the land grab debate 5. Global resource grabs, agribusiness concentration and the smallholder: two West African case studies 6. Looking back to see forward: the legal niceties of land theft in land rushes 7. New investment, old challenges. Land deals and the water constraint in African Agriculture 8. Patterns of agrarian transformation in Ethiopia: State-mediated commercialisation and the ‘land grab’ 9. The next Great Trek? South African commercial farmers move north 10. Land grabbing in Latin America and the Caribbean 11. Agrarian structure, foreign investment in land, and land prices in Brazil 12. Oligarchs, megafarms and land reserves: understanding land grabbing in Russia
13. The land question: special economic zones and the political economy of dispossession in India 14. Land expropriation and displacement in Bangladesh 15. Gendered experiences of dispossession: oil palm expansion in a Dayak Hibun community in West Kalimantan 16. Plantation rubber, land grabbing and social-property transformation in southern Laos 17. Large-scale land deals from the inside out: findings from Kenya’s Tana Delta 18. Tree plantations, politics of possession and the absence of land grabs in Vietnam
Ben White is Emeritus Professor of Rural Sociology at the International Institute of Social Studies. His research focuses on agrarian change and the anthropology and history of childhood and youth, particularly in Indonesia. He is a founding member of the Land Deal Politics Initiative
Saturnino M. Borras Jr. is Associate Professor at the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), The Hague. He is also Adjunct Professor at China Agricultural University and Fellow of the Transnational Institute (TNI) and Food First. He is the Editor in Chief of the Journal of Peasant Studies, and is a founding member of the Land Deal Politics Initiative.
Ruth Hall is Associate Professor at the Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies at the University of the Western Cape, South Africa. She coordinates the land theme of the Future Agricultures Consortium, is Reviews Editor of the Journal of Peasant Studies, and is a founding member of the Land Deal Politics Initiative.
Ian Scoones is a Professorial Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex. He is joint coordinator of the Future Agricultures Consortium and co-director of the STEPS Centre. He is a member of the editorial collective of the Journal of Peasant Studies and a founding member of the Land Deal Politics Initiative.
Wendy Wolford is the Robert A. and Ruth E. Polson Professor of Development Sociology at Cornell University. She is author of This Land is Ours Now: Social Mobilization and the Meanings of Land in Brazil (Duke Press, 2010) and is a member of both the editorial collective of the Journal of Peasant Studies and the Land Deal Politics Initiative.