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Edited by Will Sweetman

Routledge – 2014 – 1,770 pages

Series: Critical Concepts in Religious Studies

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The study of Hinduism is fragmented among many disciplines. Early academic study of Hinduism was overwhelmingly a study of texts, and while a strong philological tradition continues to characterise much work on Hinduism (in particular in Indology), very different materials and questions animate debates among anthropologists, sociologists, historians, philosophers, and others. The result is that Hindu institutions such as temples are understood quite differently by those who focus on their political, economic, religious, or aesthetic dimensions. Valuable contributions are also beginning to appear in emergent fields as diverse as cognitive science and constructive Hindu theology. While many works in these fields are published in Europe or North America, significant work appears in journals and books published in India which remain hard to access elsewhere.

The collection is fully indexed and supplemented with a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editor, which places the gathered materials in their historical and intellectual context.



1. Lawrence A. Babb, ‘Glancing: Visual Interaction in Hinduism’, Journal of Anthropological Research, 1981, 37, 4, 387–401.

2. C. A. Bayly, ‘India, the Bhagavad Gita and the World’, Modern Intellectual History, 2012, 7, 2, 275–95.

3. Agehananda Bharati, ‘The Hindu Renaissance and its Apologetic Patterns’, Journal of Asian Studies, 1970, 29, 2, 267–87.

4. Stuart H. Blackburn, ‘Death and Deification: Folk Cults in Hinduism’, History of Religions, 1985, 24, 3, 255–74.

5. Hendrik W. Bodewitz, ‘The Hindu Doctrine of Transmigration: Its Origin and Background’, Indologica Taurinensia, 1997–8, 23–4, 583–605.

6. Torkel Brekke, ‘The Conceptual Foundation of Missionary Hinduism’, Journal of Religious History, 1999, 23, 2, 203–14.

7. Joel P. Brereton, ‘The Upaniṣads’, in William Theodore de Bary and Irene Bloom (eds.), Approaches to the Asian Classics (Columbia University Press, 1990), pp. 115–35.

8. John L. Brockington, ‘The Concept of Dharma in the Rāmāyaṇa’, Journal of Indian Philosophy, 2004, 32, 5/6, 655–70.

9. Patton Burchett, ‘Bhakti Rhetoric in the Hagiography of "Untouchable" Saints: Discerning Bhakti’s Ambivalence on Caste and Brahminhood’, International Journal of Hindu Studies, 2009, 13, 2, 115–41.

10. Richard Burghart, ‘Hierarchical Models of the Hindu Social System’, Man, 1978, 13, 4, 519–36.

11. Partha Chatterjee, ‘Colonialism, Nationalism, and Colonialized Women: The Contest in India’, American Ethnologist, 1989, 16, 4, 622–33.

12. Nirad C. Chaudhuri, ‘On Understanding the Hindus’, Encounter, 1965, 24, 6, 20–33.

13. Veena Das and Jit Singh Uberoi, ‘The Elementary Structure of Caste’, Contributions to Indian Sociology, 1971, 5, 1, 33–43.

14. Donald R. Davis, ‘Being Hindu or Being Human: A Reappraisal of the Puruṣārthas’, International Journal of Hindu Studies, 2004, 8, 1–3, 1–27.

15. Richard H. Davis, ‘The Iconography of Rama’s Chariot’, in David Ludden (ed.), Contesting the Nation: Religion, Community, and the Politics of Democracy in India (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996), pp. 27–54.

16. Wendy Doniger, ‘God’s Body, or, the Lingam Made Flesh: Conflicts over the Representation of the Sexual Body of the Hindu God Shiva’, Social Research, 2011, 78, 2, 485–508.

17. Louis Dumont, ‘A Structural Definition of a Folk Deity of Tamil Nad: Aiyanar, the Lord’, Contributions to Indian Sociology, 1971, 3, 75–87.

18. Steve Farmer, Richard Sproat, and Michael Witzel, ‘The Collapse of the Indus-Script Thesis: The Myth of a Literate Harappan Civilization’, Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies, 2004, 11, 2, 19–57.

19. Robert Eric Frykenberg, ‘Constructions of Hinduism at the Nexus of History and Religion’, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 1993, 23, 3, 523–50.

20. C. J. Fuller, ‘Gods, Priests and Purity: On the Relation Between Hinduism and the Caste System’, Man, 1979, 14, 3, 459–76.


21. Jan Gonda, ‘The Hindu Trinity’, Anthropos, 1968–9, 63/64, 1/2, 212–26.

22. Luis González-Reimann, ‘The Divinity of Rāma in the Rāmāyaṇa of Vākmīki’, Indo-Iranian Journal, 2006, 34, 3, 203–20.

23. Paul Hacker, ‘Aspects of Neo-Hinduism as Contrasted with Surviving Traditional Hinduism’, in Wilhelm Halbfass (ed.), Philology and Confrontation: Paul Hacker on Traditional and Modern Vedanta (State University of New York Press, 1995), pp. 229–56.

24. Wilhelm Halbfass, ‘Dharma in the Self-Understanding of Traditional Hinduism’, India and Europe: An Essay in Understanding (State University of New York Press, 1988), pp. 310–33.

25. Edward B. Harper, ‘Ritual Pollution as an Integrator of Caste and Religion’, Journal of Asian Studies, 1964, 23, 151–97.

26. George L. Hart, ‘The Nature of Tamil Devotion’, in Madhav M. Deshpande and Peter Edwin Hook (eds.), Aryan and Non-Aryan in India (Center of South and South-east Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 1979), pp. 11–33.

27. Alf Hiltebeitel, ‘On Reading Fitzgerald’s Vyāsa’, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 2005, 125, 2, 241–61.

28. D. Dennis Hudson, ‘Bathing in Krishna: A Study in Vaiṣṇava Hindu Theology’, Harvard Theological Review, 1980, 73, 3/4, 539–66.

29. Stephanie W. Jamison, ‘Roles for Women in Vedic Śrauta Ritual’, in Arvind Sharma (ed.), Goddesses and Women in the Indic Religious Tradition (Brill, 2005), pp. 1–17.

30. Padma Kaimal, ‘Shiva Nataraja: Shifting Meanings of an Icon’, Art Bulletin, 1999, 81, 3, 390–419.

31. Noboru Karashima, ‘South Indian Temple Inscriptions: A New Approach to Their Study’, South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, 1996, 19, 1, 1–12.

32. R. S. Khare, ‘Anna’, in Sushil Mittal and Gene R. Thursby (eds.), The Hindu World (Routledge, 2004), pp. 407–28.

33. David R. Kinsley, ‘The Portrait of the Goddess in the Devī-Māhātmya’, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 1978, 46, 4, 489–506.

34. Anja Kovacs, ‘You Don’t Understand, We Are at War! Refashioning Durga in the Service of Hindu Nationalism’, Contemporary South Asia, 2004, 13, 4, 373–88.

35. Julius J. Lipner, ‘The Rise of "Hinduism"; or, How to Invent a World Religion with Only Moderate Success’, International Journal of Hindu Studies, 2006, 10, 1, 91–104.

36. David N. Lorenzen, ‘Who Invented Hinduism?’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, 1999, 41, 4, 630–59.

37. Timothy Lubin, ‘Veda on Parade: Revivalist Ritual as Civic Spectacle’, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 2001, 69, 2, 377–408.

38. T. N. Madan, ‘Concerning the Categories Śubha and Śuddha in Hindu Culture: An Exploratory Essay’, in John B. Carman and Frédérique Apffel Marglin (eds.), Purity and Auspiciousness in Indian Society (E. J. Brill, 1985), pp. 11–29.


39. Mary McGee, ‘Desired Fruits: Motive and Intention in the Votive Rites of Hindu Women’, in Julia Leslie (ed.), Roles and Rituals for Hindu Women (Pinter, 1992), pp. 71–88.

40. R. Blake Michael, ‘Women of the Śūnyasaṃpādane: Housewives and Saints in Vīraśaivism’, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1983, 103, 2, 361–8.

41. Christopher Minkowski, ‘Advaita Vedānta in Early Modern History’, South Asian History and Culture, 2011, 2, 2, 205–31.

42. Vasudha Narayanan, ‘Diglossic Hinduism: Liberation and Lentils’, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 2000, 68, 4, 761–80.

43. Andrew J. Nicholson, ‘Doxography and Boundary-Formation in Late Medieval India’, in Piotr Balcerowicz (ed.), World View and Theory in Indian Philosophy (Warsaw Indological Studies 5) (Manohar, 2012), pp. 103–18.

44. Patrick Olivelle, ‘Explorations in the Early History of Dharmaśāstra’, in Patrick Olivelle (ed.), Between the Empires: Society in India 300BC to 400CE (Oxford University Press, 2006), pp. 169–90.

45. Leslie C. Orr, ‘Identity and Divinity: Boundary-Crossing Goddesses in Medieval South India’, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 2005, 73, 1, 9–43.

46. André Padoux, ‘Concerning Tantric Traditions’, in Gerhard Oberhammer (ed.), Studies in Hinduism II: Miscellenea to the Phenomenon of Tantras (Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences, 1998), pp. 9–20.

47. Asko Parpola, ‘"Hind Leg" + "Fish": Towards Further Understanding of the Indus Script’, Scripta, 2009, 1, 37–76.

48. Declan Quigley, ‘On the Relationship Between Caste and Hinduism’, in Gavin A. Flood (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Hinduism (Blackwell, 2003), pp. 495–508.

49. A. K. Ramanujan, ‘Is There an Indian Way of Thinking? An Informal Essay’, Contributions to Indian Sociology, 1989, 23, 1, 41–58.

50. Alexis Sanderson, ‘Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions’, in Stuart Sutherland, Leslie Houlden, Peter Clarke, and Friedhelm Hardy (eds.), The World’s Religions (Routledge, 1988), pp. 660–704.

51. Arvind Sharma, ‘On Hindu, Hindustān, Hinduism and Hindutva’, Numen, 2002, 49, 1, 1–36.

52. David Dean Shulman, ‘The Murderous Bride: Tamil Versions of the Myth of Devī and the Buffalo-Demon’, History of Religions, 1976, 16, 2, 120–46.

53. Brian K. Smith, ‘Canonical Authority and Social Classification: Veda and Varṇa in Ancient Indian Texts’, History of Religions, 1992, 32, 2, 103–25.

54. Frederick M. Smith, ‘A Brief History of Indian Religious Ritual and Resource Consumption: Was There an Environmental Ethic?’, Asian Ethnology, 2011, 70, 2, 163–80.

55. Frederick M. Smith, ‘Possession in Theory and Practice: Historical and Contemporary Models’, in Fabrizio M. Ferrari (ed.), South Asia: Disease, Possession and Healing (Routledge, 2011), pp. 3–16.


56. M. N. Srinivas, ‘A Note on Sanskritization and Westernization’, Far Eastern Quarterly, 1956, 15, 4, 481–96.

57. Tulasi Srinivas, ‘Divine Enterprise: Hindu Priests and Ritual Change in Neighbourhood Hindu Temples in Bangalore’, South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, 2006, 29, 3, 321–43.

58. Doris Srinivasan, ‘Unhinging Śiva from the Indus Civilization’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1984, 1, 77–89.

59. Burton Stein, ‘The Economic Function of a South Indian Temple’, Journal of Asian Studies, 1960, 19, 2, 163–76.

60. Heinrich von Stietencron, ‘The Preconditions of Western Research on Hinduism and Their Consequences’, Hindu Myth, Hindu History: Religion, Art, and Politics (Permanent Black, 2005), pp. 195–226:

61. Romila Thapar, ‘Renunciation: The Making of a Counter-Culture?’, Ancient Indian Social History: Some Interpretations (Orient Longman, 1978), pp. 63–104.

62. Tracy Sayuki Tiemeier, ‘Engendering the "Mysticism" of the Ālvārs’, Journal of Hindu Studies, 2010, 3, 3, 337–53.

63. Helen E. Ullrich, ‘Menstrual Taboos Among Havik Brahmin Women: A Study of Ritual Change’, Sex Roles, 1992, 26, 1/2, 19–40.

64. Charlotte Vaudeville, ‘Braj, Lost and Found’, Indo-Iranian Journal, 1976, 18, 3–4, 195–213.

65. Joanne Punzo Waghorne, ‘The Gentrification of the Goddess’, International Journal of Hindu Studies, 2001, 5, 3, 227–67.

66. Maya Warrier, ‘Processes of Secularization in Contemporary India: Guru Faith in the Mata Amritanandamayi Mission’, Modern Asian Studies, 2003, 37, 1, 213–53.

67. Michael Witzel and Stephanie W. Jamison, ‘Vedic Hinduism’ (1992).

68. John Zavos, ‘The Shapes of Hindu Nationalism’, in Katharine Adeney and Lawrence Saez (eds.), Hindu Nationalism and Coalition Politics: An Assessment of the National Democratic Alliance in Power (RoutledgeCurzon, 2005), pp. 36–54.

Author Bio

Edited and with a new introduction by Will Sweetman, University of Otago, New Zealand

Name: Hinduism (Hardback)Routledge 
Description: Edited by Will Sweetman. The study of Hinduism is fragmented among many disciplines. Early academic study of Hinduism was overwhelmingly a study of texts, and while a strong philological tradition continues to characterise much work on Hinduism (in particular in Indology), very...
Categories: Hinduism, World Religions, History of Hinduism, Philosophy of Hinduism, Practice of Hinduism, Scriptures of Hinduism, Spirituality of Hinduism, Religion