Mining and Social Transformation in Africa
Mineralizing and Democratizing Trends in Artisanal Production
To Be Published September 26th 2013 by Routledge – 248 pages
After more than three decades of economic malaise, many African countries are experiencing an upsurge in their economic fortunes linked to the booming international market for minerals. Spurred by the shrinking viability of peasant agriculture, rural dwellers have been engaged in a massive search for alternative livelihoods, one of the most lucrative being artisanal mining.
While an expanding literature has documented the economic upsurge of artisanal mining, this book is the first to explore its societal impact in detail. It demonstrates that, as a mode of mineral production, artisanal mining has the potential to be far more democratic and emancipating than preceding modes.
This book explores the paradoxes of this mode of mineral production alongside the expansion of large-scale mining investment in Africa, focussing on the Tanzanian experience. It considers how artisanal mining is configured in relation to local, regional and national mining investments, wealth accumulation and social class differentiation emanating from it. It focuses on work lives, mobility, and associated lifestyles of miners and people in mining settlements, asking where this historical interlude is taking them, their communities and countries in the future. The question of value transfers out of the artisanal mining sector, value capture by elites and changing configurations of gender, age and class differentiation, all arise.
1.Introduction: Mineralising Africa and Artisanal Mining’s Democratising Influence, Deborah Fahy Bryceson & Jesper Bosse Jønsson Section I: Miners’ Agency and Social Relations 2. Going for Gold: Miners’ Mobility and Motivation, Jesper Bosse Jønsson & Deborah Fahy Bryceson 3. Pursuing an Artisanal Mining Career: Downward Success, Deborah Fahy Bryceson & Jesper Bosse Jønsson 4. Loosely–woven Love: Sexuality and Wifestyles in Gold-mining Settlements, Deborah Fahy Bryceson, Jesper Bosse Jønsson & Hannelore Verbrugge 5. The Creativity of Action: Property, Kin and the Social in African Artisanal Mining, Eleanora Fisher & Rose Mwaipopo 6. Beyond Belief: Mining, Magic and Murder in Sukumaland, Deborah Fahy Bryceson, Jesper Bosse Jønsson & Richard Sherrington Section III: Mining Communities, Organizational Constructs and Policy 7. Dealing with Ambiguity: Policy and Practice among Artisanal Gold Miners, Jesper Bosse Jønsson & Niels Fold 8. An Ethical Turn in African Mining: Social Regulation through Fair Trade, Eleanora Fisher & John Childs 9. The Politics of Mining: Foreign Direct Investment, the State and Artisanal Mining in Tanzania, France Bourgouin 10. Ubeshi: Negotiating Artisanal and Large-scale Co-existence in Diamond Mining, Rose Mwaipopo Section IV: What Future for Artisanal Mining? 11. Artisanal Mining’s Democratising Directions and Deviations, Deborah Fahy Bryceson & Eleanora Fisher
Deborah Fahy Bryceson is a Reader at the Geographical and Earth Sciences School of the University of Glasgow.
Eleanor Fisher is Senior Lecturer in International Development at Swansea University.
Jesper Bosse Jønsson works as Research Fellow at the School of Geographical and Earth Sciences at the University of Glasgow.
Rosemarie Mwaipopo is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.