Constructing Modern Asian Citizenship
Edited by Edward Vickers, Krishna Kumar
Routledge – 2014 – 240 pages
Routledge – 2014 – 240 pages
What does it mean for a society to be ‘modern’? What beliefs, habits and behaviour does a modern state require of its citizens? How can these be fostered? In many non-Western contexts, modernization has tended to be equated with Westernization, and hence with an abandonment of authentic indigenous identities and values. This is evident in the recent history of many Asian societies, where efforts to modernize – spurred on by the spectre of foreign domination – have often been accompanied by determined attempts to stamp national variants of modernity with the brand of local authenticity: ‘Asian values’, ‘Chinese characteristics’, a Japanese cultural ‘essence’ and so forth. Highlighting (or exaggerating) associations between the more unsettling consequences of modernization and alien influence has thus formed part of a strategy whereby elites in many Asian societies have sought to construct new forms of legitimacy for old patterns of dominance over the masses. The apparatus of modern systems of mass education, often inherited from colonial rulers, has been just one instrument in such campaigns of state legitimation.
This book presents analyses of a range of contemporary projects of citizenship formation across Asia in order to identify those issues and concerns most central to Asian debates over the construction of modern identities. The book main focus is on schooling, but also features other vehicles for citizenship-formation, such as museums and the internet; the role of religion (in particular Islam) in debates over citizenship and identity in certain Asian societies; and the relationship between state-centred identity discourses and the experience of increasingly ‘globalized’ elites.
With chapters from an international team of contributors, this interdisciplinary volume will appeal to students and scholars of Asian culture and society, Asian education, comparative education and citizenship.
Introduction, Edward Vickers and Krishna Kumar Part I: Education for Modern Citizenship in Asia – Historical Perspectives 1. Education and the Nation, Krishna Kumar 2. Education, Colonialism and ‘Minority Nationalities’, Edward Vickers Part II: Schooling, Curriculum and Textbooks in State Projects of Citizenship Formation 3. Going Global? Evolving Notions of Citizenship in Chinese and Japanese Social Studies Textbooks, Caroline Rose 4. From Civics to Politics: The Challenge of Text Creation, Latika Gupta 5. Constructing the Modern Mongolian Citizen, Myagmarsuren Damdin and Edward Vickers 6. Education and the Failure of State Formation: The Case of the Philippines, Mark Maca and Paul Morris Part III: Religion, Ethnicity and the Construction of Modern Citizenship in the Islamic Societies of Western and Central Asia 7. Creating Citizens: A Retrospective Analysis of the Citizenship Education in Modern Turkey, Filiz Keser Aschenberger 8. Pakistani Citizenship and the Internal ‘Other’, Rubina Saigol 9. Chinese Independent Schools and Citizenship Discourse in an Islamizing Malaysia, Helen Ting Part IV: Beyond the School Gates – Extra-curricular Vehicles for Citizenship Formation 10. The Local, National and Global in the Museums of Shanghai, Jiang Lei and Edward Vickers 11. Citizenship Education for Political Activism: A Comparison of Radical Citizenship Curricula in Hong Kong and Singapore, Christine Han Part V: Civic Attitudes of Young ‘Globalised’ Asian Elites 12. Political Socialization, Citizenship and Identity: Overseas Chinese Student Nationalism, Rowena Xiaoqing He 13. View From the Top: Citizenship, Participation and Elite Students in Singapore, Jasmine B. Y. Sim
Edward Vickers is Associate Professor of Comparative Education at Kyushu University, Japan.
Krishna Kumar is Professor and former Head of the Central Institute of Education, University of Delhi, India.