Humor in Contemporary Junior Literature
By Julie Cross
Routledge – 2011 – 246 pages
In this new book, Julie Cross examines the intricacies of textual humor in contemporary junior literature, using the tools of literary criticism and humor theory. Cross investigates the dialectical paradoxes of humor and debunks the common belief in oppositional binaries of ‘simple’ versus ‘complex’ humor. The varied combinations of so-called high and low forms of humor within junior texts for young readers, who are at such a crucial stage of their reading and social development, provide a valuable commentary upon the culture and values of contemporary western society, making the book of considerable interest to scholars of both children’s literature and childhood studies.
Cross explores the ways in which the changing content, forms and functions of the many varied combinations of humor in junior texts, including the Lemony Snickett series, reveal societal attitudes towards young children and childhood. The new compounds of seemingly paradoxical high and low forms of humor, in texts for developing readers from the 1960s onwards, reflect and contribute to contemporary society’s hesitant and uneven acceptance of the emergent paradigm of children’s rights, abilities, participation and empowerment. Cross identifies four types of potentially subversive/transgressive humor which have emerged since the 1960s which, coupled with the three main theories of humor – relief, superiority and incongruity theories – enables a long-overdue charting of developments in humor within junior texts. Cross also argues that the gradual increase in the compounding of the simple and the complex provide opportunities for young readers to play with ambiguous, complicated ideas, helping them embrace the complexities and contradictions of contemporary life.
"Recommended." --V. A. Murrenus Pilmaier, University of Wisconsin Sheboygan, Choice
1. The "Tradition" of Humorous Transgression in Everyday-life Fiction 2. Funny Fantasy Fiction and Superiority Humour Theory: "ingenuous" anthropomorphised animal-child characters and "ingenious" child detectives 3. "New Wave Nonsense" and the Tradition of Classic Nonsense 4. Gendered Humour: Clever Girls and "Clever" Boys 5. "Funny and Fearful": The Comic-Gothic and Incongruity 6. Conclusion
Julie Cross has a PhD in Children’s Literature from Roehampton University, as well as an MA in Childhood Studies. She contributed to the Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature and has a chapter on humor included in The Gothic in Children’s Literature: Haunting the Borders (Routledge, 2007).