Democratizing Higher Education Policy
Constraints of Reform in Post-Apartheid South Africa
By M.T. Sehoole
Routledge – 2005 – 234 pages
This book was written with the purpose of analyzing the challenges faced by the post-apartheid government in South Africa with regard to reform of higher education. It covers the apartheid context of higher education, resistance to the system and its ultimate demise, democratic processes in post-apartheid reform agenda and how this agenda was emptied of its radical content as a result of global and local pressures. Highlighted are key constraints in the reform process, including the compromise pact agreed upon between the apartheid government and the ruling African National Congress, the rapidly globalizing environment underpinned by neoliberal principles within which South Africa's transition took place, shifts in macro-economic policies of government towards neo-liberal policy, the inheritance of the bureaucracy and the inexperience of new government officials. These are presented in a narrative style that combines the author's experience, the voices of key players involved and important data from a range of documentary sources. This is the first single authored book in post-apartheid South African that has systematically looked at higher education reform.
1. Introduction 2. Struggling apartheid education 3. From resistance to reconstruction: preparing to govern 4. Assuming the power of the state 5. Bureaucratic past and democratic future 6. Change commissioned 7. The state assumes control 8. Policy literacy and organisational learning 9. Conclusion
M.T. Sehoole is a senior lecturer at the University of Pretoria. His publications include Trade in Educational Services: Reflections on the African South African Higher Education System, How Politics Influence Merger Forms and Outcomes, and South African Journal of Education.